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Lecture

POL101 Lecture 23

7 Pages
71 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Is There "Truth" in Political Science?
How do we know what we know?
Revisiting Huntington and Fukuyama
Lecture 23
Review
Big Themes of the Class
1.What is Liberty? Concepts
2.Liberalism & its challenges
3.What explains the relations between states: Theories & Cases
4.Why do some countries become powerful & what is the impact of that?
5.The Rich & the Poor
6.Nationalism, Conflict & Genocide
7.Governance Beyond the State
8.What is liberty? What is freedom? - read Constant - what the Ancients believed
liberty was - collective freedom; for the moderns, freedom is an individual concept - a
rights based order
` if freedom for the moderns is the freedom of the individual, what happens when you
have an entire political order designed that way?
- outlined basics of liberal democracy
- its challenges
9.Communism, Fascism, fundamental problems of the liberal democratic order
Audio recording started: 12:18 PM April-04-11
10.            
11.A big chunk of what modern liberal democracy has been for years
12.What explains war & peace between states (as opposed to what occurs in
states) - Cuban missile crises, rise of China, power transition theory...
oDifferent theories of international relations: realism, liberalism,
constructionism, etc.
oWhy is it that states relate to each other the way they do?
oUnder what conditions do you get war or peace
13.Look to big, powerful countries
` Pelopensian War, the Athenians, etc. "The strong take what they can, the weak accept
what they must"
14.The problem of inequality (not within states, but between states); why are
some countries rich & others poor? Why do some stay poor while others become rich?
` question was whether all of the world's poor countries would remain poor
- no longer a question - some countries have become rich
- other questions have risen since: how to become rich? Will the West remain rich, or
will we be overtaken by countries previously poor?
www.notesolution.com
15.Nationalism & conflict [between ethnic groups] & [the genocides of the 20th
century]
oNationalism along psychotheory - rages for a while, destined to go away
oPossibility of governance beyond the state - regional integration, the UN, etc.
16.Final exam:
oEverything's fair game
oTwo essays (choice between 3 questions)
o20 Multiple Choice Questions (both readings & lectures are fair game)
oNo trick questions
oFocus on latter half of the course (?)
oFair test - should be able to guess the questions
oBroader themes of class
` broad & interpretive
` the more you know, the better
17.Conspiracy theories
18.As social scientists - investigate reality - interested in finding generalizations,
but difficult to attain
oHard to obtain, unsure of whether it's true
19.Huntington - big fish
What I Like About Political Science
20.We ask big questions: wealth or poverty? Democracy or dictatorship, life or
death...
21.Huntington: civilizations have bloody borders
22.Earlier conflicts were about ideology & territory, now we're entering phase of
conflict
Sub Question: Prelude to the Holocaust
Use tools of social science... But we always operationalize our concepts imperfectly
- dependent vs. independent variables
So what does this mean for clash of civilizations?
23.Kopestein
Wong
On the other hand...
Bringing in Fukuyama
24.Large question - notion of truth in political science
25.As we look around, truth & seeking truth seems to be one of our major
concerns
26.How do we, as political scientists, contribute to this pursuit of truth?
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Is There Truth in Political Science? How do we know what we know? Revisiting Huntington and Fukuyama Lecture 23 Review Big Themes of the Class 1.What is Liberty? Concepts 2.Liberalism & its challenges 3.What explains the relations between states: Theories & Cases 4.Why do some countries become powerful & what is the impact of that? 5.The Rich & the Poor 6.Nationalism, Conflict & Genocide 7. Governance Beyond the State 8.What is liberty? What is freedom? - read Constant - what the Ancients believed liberty was - collective freedom; for the moderns, freedom is an individual concept - a rights based order if freedom for the moderns is the freedom of the individual, what happens when you have an entire political order designed that way? - outlined basics of liberal democracy - its challenges 9.Communism, Fascism, fundamental problems of the liberal democratic order Audio recording started: 12:18 PM April-04-11 10. 11. A big chunk of what modern liberal democracy has been for years 12. What explains war & peace between states (as opposed to what occurs in states) - Cuban missile crises, rise of China, power transition theory... o Different theories of international relations: realism, liberalism, constructionism, etc. o Why is it that states relate to each other the way they do? o Under what conditions do you get war or peace 13. Look to big, powerful countries Pelopensian War, the Athenians, etc. The strong take what they can, the weak accept what they must 14. The problem of inequality (not within states, but between states); why are some countries rich & others poor? Why do some stay poor while others become rich? question was whether all of the worlds poor countries would remain poor - no longer a question - some countries have become rich - other questions have risen since: how to become rich? Will the West remain rich, or will we be overtaken by countries previously poor? www.notesolution.com
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