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Lecture

electoral system

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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November 10, 2009
Electoral and Party Systems
-liberal democracies are representative democracies
we elect representatives
-what restricts the number of candidates that we go and vote for?
-why dont we have a limitless number of candidates (in theory we could all go out and vote
for ourselves…)
-the political party parties are organizations that exist to capture votes by mobilizing
voters
Two ways
1) Programmatic parties- competing visions of the public good
-parties COMPETE for your vote
vs.
2) clientelistic parties (Latin America, NYC)- you receive something for your vote
-parties give public GOODS (area with snow shoved in the winter, etc)
**most parties are programmatic
Strong vs. weak parties
US (weak) vs. Canada (strong) largely disciplined parties
-what determines the number of political parties?
-why are there two big ones in the US? Why are US parties so weak and German parties
so strong?
Types of Parties:
Conservative
Liberal
Democratic Socialist
Green
Communist
Right Radical
Religious post-material
*Materialistic
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Description
November 10, 2009 Electoral and Party Systems -liberal democracies are representative democracies we elect representatives -what restricts the number of candidates that we go and vote for? -why dont we have a limitless number of candidates (in theory we could all go out and vote for ourselves) -the political party parties are organizations that exist to capture votes by mobilizing voters Two ways 1) Programmatic parties- competing visions of the public good -parties COMPETE for your vote vs. 2) clientelistic parties (Latin America, NYC)-
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