Political Science November 29th, 2010.
Cold War Realism
Reading: Don Munton and David A. Welch, The Cuban Missile Crisis - A Concise
Cold War: Origins
End of WII – Division of Europe:
•Hungary 1956 – 1953 Stalin dies – other countries within Soviet block seek
independence & est. independence; Yugoslavia not part of Soviet Union
•Hungary wants to leave S.U. -> kick out leader and put in refined communist
leader – fall 1956 – November Soviets strike back: send in tanks, arrest Rakifshi –
•Division of Germany – East (communist) west (liberal democratic) West Berlin –
Britain, France, Allies; East – Communist. Summer 1961 east Germans losing
people thus building of Berlin Wall to prevent east Germans from leaving
•Berlin wall – 2 walls, 12 ft high, landmines, attack dogs, serious border
•Freidrichstrade (Checkpoint Charlie); Dreilinden (Checkpoint Bravo)
Cold War: From Confrontation to Stalemate
•Nuclear Weapons. Weapons of a new kind?
•Difference between deterrence and defense: what are nuclear weapons good for?
This diff critical part of military strategy and statecraft; weapons only used to stop
other side from using their weapons OR to prevent from being completely overrun
•MANNU – data on nuclear weapons – means of delivery (missiles, subs,
•US Monopoly 1945-1949
•US Superiority 1949 – 1968: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) – Russia have
enough to make it scary for US - destruction is mutually assured: key is second
•Parity 1968-1991: economy and nuclear parity b/n US and Russia
•US: total number of nuclear missiles built, 1951- present: 67 500
•# of nuclear bombers built, 1945- present: 4, 680
•peak # of nuclear warheads and bombs in the stockpile/year, 32, 193 (1966)
•# of attack (SSN) and ballistic missiles (SSBN) subs (2002): 53 SSNs and 18
•Soviet Union: 1951-1989: approx 42 000
•Korean war, Vietnam war, Guatemalan civil war, Angolan Civil war &
Afghanistan = Proxy wars for US
What is Realism?
•Theory that States act according to their interests not ideas, ideals, emotions