• CH.2- Images are all derived from sense compression, since images are the stuff of our
mental discourse, our thought. Two kinds of train of thought, Guided and Unguided. Mere
random association, daydreaming if you lik, the relationship depending, on chance. Without
any logical association. The regulated train of thought has a strong desire to be regulated,
the principle is always exterior, and aversion. There is no serious thought for the pleasure of
thinking of knowing, man is a needy and desiring , and craftable being.
Man and Beast (the difference): the sense of cause and affect is precise in a beast,
reasons back from the affect through the cause. A human moves reasons through cause and
effect. Human are naturally multitaskers and we can all reason from the cause to the effect.
Mans consciousness of power enhances our power. POWER IS THE KEY TO
• CH.4 – Speech, the greatest of human inventions, something that man possessed by nature
and not what Plato and Aristotle described. P.16-17. Speech is a means with which we
express our thoughts. We can think of words as a kind of shorthand, the words facilitate the
images that are created in our mind. If words are properly strung together. Truth is a
property of statements only. Certain things are true and others are false without our
knowledge of them. There is no truth in the sense that one could live and die for it. Truth is
not an acronym of anything, just propositions. But using it as a synonym to the word “Real”.
• CH.5. Hobbes adopts a geometrical model of reason. A quantitative rather than qualitative.
Hobbes’ project of political reason, is to find definitions that are as clear, unambiguous &
precise as the Pythagorean theorem. For modern science, a hypothesis has to be stated in
mathematical terms, this is what Hobbes is doing,. Is it possible to discuss human matters in
terms of unequivocal formulas of mathematical equations?. Aren’t “What is” questions
controversial? For instance, what is God, what is true love? Etc…
P.25, 26. Hobbes Motto: “knowledge or science for the sake of power.” The goal is
certainty or agreement, the purpose of speech utility rather than truth. Speech facilitates
our practical ends. Hobbes represents the first great attempt to apply science to power.
Contemporary political science makes distinction b/w facts and values and that facts are
only subject to mathematical precision.
• CH.6- describing 2 basic passions: Appetite and Aversion. Either we’re attracted to
something or repelled by that thing. Also by aversion we signify the absence of the
object(p.28 section2), for Hobbes it’s liberally true to say
a positive or a negative orientation towards something. Hobbes relation to Machiavellian
thinkers; there is no natural good for human beings. In politics and elsewhere. All humans
seek the good(goal) but few achieve it. We all distinguish b/w true and false, we all defend
our own way of life as good, but according to Hobbes it’s all nonsense. Hobbes is the great