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24 Nov 2010
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Course
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Politics of Development t Week 3: September 27th, 2010
Themes from Last Week: Why would Industrial Revolution have happened in Britain but not elsewhere?
Way in which government was implicated in creating the market.
Modernization
- In 1950s was change in field of political science t started to conduct research outside of Europe
and North America
o Driven by impulses: Cold War, decolonization, economic growth
Cold War:
- Began in early 1950s between US and USSR, superpowers tried to divide the world through the
lenses of democracy and communism
o What will make more countries democratic? How can we bring more countries into our
sphere of influence? Dominant concerns of Western superpowers.
 Funding for research in global South, CIA and Ford Foundation funded
Decolonization:
- Starting in 1948 with India, most countries manage to become independent in 1950s, mostly
over by 1963
o For first time, politics in parts of the world considered devoid of politics
 Before this, colonial power and subjects
 Now domestic politics in those countries
x ξ€œXPX(ξ‚Œ]Zξ€‚ξ€šξ€ƒξ€ξ€žξ€žv(]ξ‚ŒuoÇ]vξ€ƒξ‚šZξ€žξ€ƒξ€š}u]v}(vξ‚šZξ‚Œ}}o}PΓ‡UÁv[ξ‚šξ€ƒξ€‚ξ€ƒ
place to study political organization and motivation, but many political
scientists were inspired by political uprising against global control,
studied struggles for independence, nationalist struggles
Economic Growth:
- Rise in GDP worldwide, after end of WWII world economy took off
- Economic growth particularly impressive in Western democracies, also existed in Latin America,
Africa, Asia, Turkey
o Strides driven by and resulted in many important changes on the ground (urbanization,
literacy, media engagement, mobility, political participation)
 Passing of traditional society
- Political scientists defined development as a product of modernization, viewed countries
through the lens of modernization
o Underdeveloped societies are traditional
- Lerner uses Balgat to illustrate what the features of tradition are
o Isolation
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 8km from Ankara, takes 2 hours to get there
 Residents rarely leave the village
 Not participants in market economy
 Only grocer travels routinely to Ankara
 No physical mobility
o Lack of Information
 One radio, belongs to Chief, invites only a few people to listen to radio with him
and they listen to only one program, then Chief interprets information for them,
mediates limited information available to them
o Chief himself
 Meant to stand in for rigid and hierarchical hereditary forms of power
 Controls who interviewer speaks to
 Present in room when interviews are conducted
 Resists giving interviewer access to poorest man
 Rigid adherence to status and hierarchy
x No social mobility
 ξ€’Z]ξ€ž(ξ€ƒξ€š}ξ€žξ‚v[ξ‚šξ€ƒξ€‚vξ‚Γξ€žξ‚Œξ€ƒu}ξ‚ξ‚šξ€ƒξ‚‹Β΅ξ€žξ‚ξ‚š]}vUZv}}]v]}v}vu}ξ‚ξ‚šξ€ƒuξ€‚ξ‚šξ‚šξ€žξ‚Œξ‚Uξ€ƒξ‚šZξ€žuξ€žξ‚ξ€ƒ
are obedience, courage, and loyalty (traditional Turkish virtues)
x His mindset is limited to that with which he is personally familiar
x Lacks ability to project imagined alternatives to his life
o Lack of empathy
 Lack of toleration for difference of alternative opinions
x Values homogeneity, uniformity
x Resists change
 Chief is archetype of tradition
 Tradition stands in the way of development and modernization
x Traditional values and ways of life must be overcome if modernization is
to gain a foothold
- Grocer
o Emblematic of the future
o Mobile, travels to Ankara regularly
o Familiar with media, reads newspaper, watches movies, listens to radio in coffeehouses,
enjoys listening to news about the world
o Active participant in the market
 Buys and sells for a living
 Internalized thought processes of market, desire to be wealthy, desire for profit
o Desires and imagination that spread beyond the village
 Would like to travel, wishes he has a big grocery store in the city, wishes he
could live in America
x Demonstrates empathy, can imagine change, psychically mobile
o Not a popular figure in village
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