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POL201Y1 Lecture Notes - Bloor Street, Infant Mortality, Blackboard

Political Science
Course Code
Sophia Moreau

of 3
POL201Y Semester 1 Lecture 1 (1.1)
September 15, 2009
Week One:
Introduction: Development and Democracy
Course Requirements:
x you have two weeks to sign up for tutorials
x Sign up on blackboard
x 4 tutorials for 50 minutes each this semester
x 5 tutorials for 50 minutes each next semester
x There are two papersv5 pages long= 15% and 10 pages long =25%
x You have one month to write the paper
x The TAs will write more in class on how to write a paper etc...
x It will be posted on blackboard
x In class midterm on the last day of class in December
x And final exam during exam period
x Course readings are on a course packet available for purchase at Quality Copy at 33 Bloor
x Only the first semester course pack is available
x And there is also a book: Contemporary Political issues of Development
x You will find your grades on blackboard and nowhere else
Course Overview:
x Just a little bit about what will be discussed in this course:
o Specialization involves commercial farming
o Industrialization
x In our economy, many people we know produce nothing that we actually consume
x Many people are just focused on making sure the market works
x In general, development is considered to be a good thing
Critics of Development:
x 3 main reasons and are related to one another
o As societies develop, people lose their cultural ties
o The development model seems to assume that they will follow the western
o Then some countries appear to have failed
POL201Y Semester 1 Lecture 1 (1.1)
September 15, 2009
x There is the goal of development, critiques of development and then the decision is
coming: we have to redefine what we mean by development
Development and Democracy:
x The goal of developmentÆ the process of production of goods and services
x Critics of development have three main points
o Agriculture
o Western path of development (industrial revolution)
o Distorts human values and emphasizes wealth production
x Their Solution (New/ Revised Definition)
o You need to redefine the definition of development
o /]v[iµuµÇ'EW~'}E]}voW}µµo}Z}}with
human well being, such as infant mortality rate, HIV prevention, mortality rates,
literacy, and so forth
o Some critics also add freedom into the definition of development
x It can be very good indicators to life expectancy
x But if that society does not also secure freedom (freedoms protected by democratic
institutions) along w minimum indicators, then it is not a developed country
x In this course, we will explore different def. Of development and what counts as
development etc..
x The course looks at countries all over the world (except for Canada)
x Another thing that we will look at is the concept of development
x Also explore the relationship btw development and underdevelopment
x To look at the relationship btw the two: are some countries more developmental b/c
they have better govt etc...
x Different theories and different what if factors to explain why some countries are
wealthier than others
x There are many reasons why there have been advanced
o 1st theory: it is the countries fault
o 2nd theory: it is the global system
x Development of some countries depends on the underdevelopment of others
x Has historically been built on the development or exploitation of others
x There are thin and thick definitions of democracy
x The thicker definitions are used more and more these days: i.e. more fairer elections
POL201Y Semester 1 Lecture 1 (1.1)
September 15, 2009
Theories of Wealth and Development:
1. dZ}µvÇ[&µo
2. Global System
Links development with under development
Wealth of some is based on the improvishment of other countries (usually the
global south)
x Traditional DefinitionÆ elections/ voting
x Revised DefinitionÆ free and fair elections
x Also includes civil and }o]]o(}uU}]}vUv}(}ZY
x Rests on political equality, you cannot have democracy without economic equality (you
cant have one without the other)
o For example, the poor do not vote, the rich have influence on voting process
x Different institutions
x Most countries have constitutions except for Britain
o The majority cannot break it, therefore it limits democracy
x It is a system in which citizens choose their leaders
x There are different types of leadership
o Presidential vs. Primarial (US vs. Canada)
x Participation Æ À}]vPU}U}]ou}ÀuvUY
x What obligation do democratic states have?
x To what extent should the citizens be democratic?
Theme of the Course:
x What is the relationship between development and democracy?
x Three theories
1. A democratic state is more likely to develop faster
2. A developed state is more democratic
3. ArgumentÆ there is no link between the two