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Lecture

Post Winter Break-Week 13

6 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL201Y1
Professor
Sophia Moreau

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Post Break Lecture January 10, 2011
> Part One of the year was focused on theories of development
> Part Two is all about theories of democracy and linking the two together
WAS DEMOCRACY JUST A MOMENT? By Robert Kaplan
- he frames relationships between development and democracy
- contrary to F. Fukuyama the End of History and last man.. who argues that the
advent of a liberal democracy is the final and ultimate form of human government, it
is the highest achievement possible
* Karl Marx’ Teleology based on telos meaning ultimate purpose or goal, was the
study of design and purpose.
- these stages of development lead to the goal;
Primitive Communism
Slave Society
Feudalism
Capitalism
Socialism
Communism: Final Stage
-Each stage precedes the next, and is therefore not possible w/ the previous stage
-The teleological end point is communism
-Fukuyama uses this analysis and says that democracy and the market are the final
end of history
-He doesn’t meant hat the world will end, rather history has achieved its end-point
-democracy is the highest pint of human organization and the endpoint of history.
Fukuyama says: Kaplan says:
1. Democracy is good 1. Democracy is not necessarily good
2. Democracy is widespread 2. Nor is it widespread
3. Democracy is here to stay 3. Is becoming less democratic/not here to stay
www.notesolution.com
-Kaplan says democracies are value neutral; will of majority sets the outcome
for policies
-He says the will of the majority sets outcome of policies; i.e. if majority is bad
then the outcome is bad as well e.g. Hitler & Mussolini
-A democracy usually produces what majority of people want
Kaplans definition is both thick and thin
-He introduces a thin dfinition of democracy, which is limited mostly to the
electoral system/mechanism
-Why? The reason he uses this definition is because this is the model being
imported by the IMF/World Bank/USA
-Democracy rests on elections in matters of public policy, and these thin set of
institutions express the will many
-Kaplan says democracy cannot be “exported, however elections can, and when
they are it leads to violence
-He also says democracy is and organic outgrowth of development, if you reach
a certain level of economic growth, a democracy is bound to emerge with time
-Democracy emerged in Europe because they reached a level of complexity and
sophistication in the society, unlike China, some South American and African
states
P.5: What Economic Conditions Precede a Democracy
- it emerges successfully as a capstone to other social economic achievements
- we assume literacy and education are socio-economic preconditions for democracy
- Why? Because people should be informed in order to make informed decisions
- Democracy imposes certain obligations on its citizens i.e. to be informed and
educated
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Post Break Lecture January 10, 2011 > Part One of the year was focused on theories of development > Part Two is all about theories of democracy and linking the two together WAS DEMOCRACY JUST A MOMENT? By Robert Kaplan - he frames relationships between development and democracy - contrary to F. Fukuyama the End of History and last man.. who argues that the advent of a liberal democracy is the final and ultimate form of human government, it is the highest achievement possible * Karl Marx Teleology based on telos meaning ultimate purpose or goal, was the study of design and purpose. - these stages of development lead to the goal; Primitive Communism Slave Society Feudalism Capitalism Socialism Communism: Final Stage - Each stage precedes the next, and is therefore not possible w the previous stage - The teleological end point is communism - Fukuyama uses this analysis and says that democracy and the market are the final end of history - He doesnt meant hat the world will end, rather history has achieved its end-point - democracy is the highest pint of human organization and the endpoint of history. Fukuyama says: Kaplan says: 1. Democracy is good 1. Democracy is not necessarily good 2. Democracy is widespread 2. Nor is it widespread 3. Democracy is here to stay 3. Is becoming less democraticnot here to stay www.notesolution.com
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