-the first controversial claim that he makes is that mdeoracyies are value neutral, what does he
-he says democroacy is a set of institions that translates the will of the majority to govnerment
and policy, if the will of the majority is good, then the outcome will be good, likewise if the will
is bad, the outcome is bad.
-the govnemrent doe snothing but transfer the will of the people into govnerenance.
-eg. Mousillini and hitler.
-caplain draws the connection between hitler and mousillini to democracy.
-he brings home the point that demoracy can lead to bad results.
When he says demoracy is value netural, he si saying demoracy produces whatever the people
-the isntitinons themselves are value neutral, there is no guarantee that they will produce good or
-what is the definintion of democracy that caplain is talking about??
CAPLAIN’S DEF’N OF DEMOCRACY?? Thick def’n or thin def’’n??
-what caplains doing here is he is introducing a thin def’n. democracy is an electoral mechanism,
if democracy produces the will of the people then it iis a electoral mechanism.
-why does he use this def’n?
-he says that he uses this definitnion because this is tehe model that is being exported across the
globe by the US IMF and world bank.
-dmeoaracy is the abstract encompasses good things, but as a matter of public politicy t has come
to rest on public elections.
-it is then not democracy that is being exported, it is ONLY ELECTIONS
-a thin set of isntitons that will produce the will of the majority.
-dmeoracy cannot be exported, that only elections can be exported, but elections can, and when
they are they often lead to violence and chaos in countries that are not prepared for elecitons.
-the second main point is that dmeoracy emerges only as a capstone to other economic
achievement,s it is an organic outgrowth of development. He is making a modernization
argument. You get economic growth and then you get democracy.
-he goes on to say that democracy emerged in Europe because eropean society had reached a
level of complexiry and sohphisticatio that he finds lacking in china, Algeria, Uganda, etc.
-so besides complexity and sophistication, what are some of the other prerequirsites that caplain
-if you do not have literacy and education you cannot have democracy.
The American founding fathers were scared of badly educatioed public. Sudan was hurt by
dmeoracy because only 27 percent can read, same with brazil.
-what are the reasons that literacy and education is a prerequisite to demoracy?
---the public should be informed, they should make informed decisions of which policies
are best. This is a common reasing, people should be educated in order to vote. Democracy
imposes certain obligations on its citizens and one of those is that citizens should be informed.