The main goal of the political party is to gain power.
The political party is the mechanisms for which candidates run for office. Some candiaities run
independenly, but most run through potliilcal parties.
Poiltical parties persuade people to vote for their candiddates. They not only express the opiions of
their supporters, but they also play a role of forming and shaping the opiions of their supporters, they
dont just respond to public opinion, they also make the public opinion itself.
TYPES OF PARTIES
---agenda is not primaryiily rooted in some philosphy or doctrine, but they are response to some
problems. But most parties that win elections are pragmatic parties. They are parties that respond to
problems and offer solutions that work.
---it is one that pmphasises ideological purity over electoral victory. It would not cahnge its ideolgiical
position in order to change to electoral concerns. Such parties do not change their values in order to
win an election.
And so pragmatic parties cloak their pragmatism in ideology, they try to make their programs coherent
in order to distinguish themselves from other parties. eg. In cananda the liberals and conservative are
both pragmatic, but they try to distinguish themselves susing ideolgoy. They are inherently pragmatic
in the idea that they will mold their ideology in order to t win an election, they ideology canhence
change from election to election in order to win.
---centres around a single influenctial leader, one famous example is the benorsistas in argentina, which
are formed around quan perlon.
The natzi party is an excellent example because it was centrered around a single person—adolph hitler,
and so if the person dies, the party dies. Its not so much an isntitno, or bearcracy or an idea as much as
it is a person.
PARTIES PRODUCE VERICLE ACCOUNTABIILTY – accountabililty between citizens and their
hwere civil socieitiiy orgnaiziaitnos exhert pressures on govnemrent issues in order to put new issues on
the agenda. This is not something that happens through elections. Elections, poltical parties, interst
groups, produce VERTICILE ACCOUNTABILTY
-SOCIETAL ACCOUNTABIILTY is achieved through non-institionalized pariticpation, pariticpation
which is not institionlized through democratic mechanisms.
Basically we are talking about particpiation outside the system. These things are things like social
movements, political protests, marches, its often peaceful, but it is aimed at being disruptive, its not