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Political Science
Course Code
Sophia Moreau

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How do liberal states deal with multiculturalism? It is the spread of democracy. Many countries
worldwide use this type of government. The idea is that democracy is hegemonic. So all states
have to adhere to democracy even though they are not for it.
Ethnicity, race and religion are very powerful in politics as ways of organizing political people,
mobilizing against bad governance just as quickly as democracy is spreading. Both are actually
coming together. How it is that democractic countries compromising all these things of ethnicity,
race, and religion.
Are the governments obligated? What are the normative obligations to those of distinguished
ethnic, racial and religious?
1.Types of groups
a.National minorities
Kymlicka says different groups need certain accommodations. He means the historical
differences. It doesnt turn to language or religion. He looks at the historical inference of how
they came to be incorporated in the state.
If a country that has national minorities is multinational
If it has immigrant minorities it is polyethnic
Most of these nations can be both.
National Minorities
Terrirtorially bounded
Historical community or common history
Functioning social institutions like school,
Share a distinct language or culture
How to be a national minority can be through war of conquer where one powerful force invaded
by another very powerful invader. Also a territorial force can give up a colony to another force.
Boundaries can shift where certain groups can find themselves under control of other states
because of such shift.
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