Class Notes (921,692)
CA (542,563)
UTSG (45,898)
POL207Y1 (41)
Lecture

October 6 Notes

8 Pages
124 Views

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL207Y1
Professor
Randall Hansen

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
POL207 Lecture 4 France6/10/10
UK:
Dominated by party system
If you were going to decentralize power, you have to change the electoral system, everything
would unravel.
Few checks on their power.
France:
The triumph of Presidential Power
The 4th Republic was divided and unstable, govts lasting months.
Changed to highly centralized and stable system.
Centralized in Presidential power.
French constitutional design
oCreated in his image (de Gaulle)
oInstitutions created in the 1958-62 period consolidated by the time of de Gaulles 1969
resignation.
oAll of this happened bc of May 1958.
Context:
Algerian crisis
Fiscal crisis
15th May made famous attack on the divisions created by political
parties who sought parochial interests
regime of parties
He held himself responsible to assume powers of the Republic.
No legal or constitutional basis.
His prestige and bc he seemed to be taking the side of the emerging
rebellion in Algiers.
www.notesolution.com
19th May adopted the opposite course
Emphasized his respect for democracy, rejected all notions of a
dictatorship and spared the regime little venom.
May 27th published communiqué in which he made it known that he
had begun to take political reigns
oDe Gaulles constitutional coup
Speaking as if he had power
Public seemed largely satisfied with the result
Military, accepting an implicit injunction on the part of de Gaulle in his
declaration, abandoned Resurrection” thus avoiding Civil War.
Govt resigned on 27 May and De Gaulle stepped in
On June 1st, 1958 govt under De Gaulle is voted in
3 June a law gives govt the power to revise the constitution, subject to its respect
of the separation of powers and the views of the courts. END OF 4TH
REPUBLIC.
oDe Gaulles strategy
Strengthening the powers of the presidency
New constitution reduced parliaments powers, handing much control to
the President.
Algeria
oJune 4 1958 speech in fornt of of crowd in Algiers I have
understood you” -> could be interpreted differently.
oVive lAlgerie francaise”
oSecret negotiations with the FLN began, and were made ublic
with negotiations at Evian in May 1961
oOn May 18th 1962, cease fire was declared
oApril 1961, 4 generals took over the govt in Algiers
www.notesolution.com
oThe effort failed, the majority of generals obeyed De Gaulle, who
issued a decisive television intervention declaring his invocation
of emergency powers under Article 16 of the constitution.
oMass demonstrations followed in metro France against the coup.
The putsch collapsed in 25 April.
oDe Gaulles vision
I have always had a certain idea of France”
Three pillars of his basis for vision
1. Support for strong institutions and above all a President that embodies
the values of the state above petty politics.
2. Nationalist foreign policy that creates a unit at a higher level:
aggressive support for unilateral nuclear deterrent, anti-Anglo-Saxon
(NATO troops expelled from France in 1965, Britains application to
EEC vetoed twice, call for Quebecs liberation in 1967)
3. Reconciliation with Frances historic enemy
oThe creation of a EU with the Franco-Geran alliance at its heart.
Basic features can still be recognized in French politics
1995 decision to resume nuclear testing with blithe indifference to public
opposition
2002 opposition with Germany to the war in Iraq
oFrench parties
New Anti-Capitalist Party (NPA) Olivier Besancourt
Communist Party (PCF)
Democratic for European Social Rally
Social Party
Greens
Citizens and Republican Movement
Left-Radical Party (PRG)
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
POL207 Lecture 4 France 61010 UK: Dominated by party system If you were going to decentralize power, you have to change the electoral system, everything would unravel. Few checks on their power. France: The triumph of Presidential Power th The 4 Republic was divided and unstable, govts lasting months. Changed to highly centralized and stable system. Centralized in Presidential power. French constitutional design o Created in his image (de Gaulle) o Institutions created in the 1958-62 period consolidated by the time of de Gaulles 1969 resignation. o All of this happened bc of May 1958. Context: Algerian crisis Fiscal crisis 15 May made famous attack on the divisions created by political parties who sought parochial interests regime of parties He held himself responsible to assume powers of the Republic. No legal or constitutional basis. His prestige and bc he seemed to be taking the side of the emerging rebellion in Algiers. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit