Just war theory; compromise between machiavellian view to a more passivist view that views war as evil. If the war qualifies for all conditions, its is a just war. Terrorism: international law trying to create incentives to wear unifroms because it allows us to protect civilians, proportionality double effect (agent orange). The one that we intended and the one that we did not intend, this is where the proportionality comes. Balancing the good and the bad that happens when we engage in war: clear strategic reason behind it, we start seeing problems with the douhle effect. Difficult to justify the good that agent orange provided because of its destruction and environmental damage: type of weaponry. Realists: at best what we see is organized hypocrisy, want to be seen as an ethical way of fighting war. However: decision makesr and generals use the language of just war theory; Possible american response: ignore missiles, diplomacy, surgical bombing, invasion, blockade.