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POL214Y1 Lecture Notes - Tactical Voting, Instant-Runoff Voting, Party System

Political Science
Course Code
Russo/ Pond

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Pol 214 Lecture 24
Issues of Reform in Canadian Politics: Round - Up the Usual Suspects
Parties and Voting
-lack of class based alternatives,
*evolution/timing of initial party system formation and incentives of FPTP
-Regionalized third parties---> fourth party system
*recurrence or more permanent change?
-strategic voting
-Decline of parties, weakening in partisan support / post materialism!
*parties as election machines
-elections focused on leaders, personalities and effective campaigns.
*reliance on polls, select issues and electoral niches. become games between parties
instead of coherent pathway for political pathway
Interest Groups and Policy Making
-groups with more resources get heard. aka more money
*resources enhance ability to lobby and form enduring bureaucratic connections
*resources also allow groups to provide policy alternatives and serve s mechanisms for
policy implementation.
-as a result MPs and parliament are somewhat by-passed
*added with party discipline and ineffective committee process
The Charter and Judicial Activism
-what is the appropriate role of parliament vs the courts
*is it a dialogue or a monologue
-selection process leads to judicial bias
*favors federal government, corporate interests, or charter groups
-second phase policies are unclear
*what forms of deeper diversity will we allow and which are too "illiberal#

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*how can we ensure all voices are heard
-needs of aboriginals with respect to treaty rights and self gov remain unmet
-asymmetrical arrangements with quebec insuffucient
-exec federalism dominates fed-prov relationship
!*not transprent not accountable
-senate does not serve regional interests
-political parties are regionally polarized
Options for Reform: The Electoral System
-move away from riding based FPTP towards more PR(lists)
!*will increase the proportionality of results
! ! = equal seats for equal votes
!*will increase representativeness of parliaments
! ! = ensure more women, aboriginals and visible minorities elected as MPs
! ! = would also ensure parties have representation from all regions
!*will increase importance of parliament.
! ! = shift power away from permanent minority governments
! ! =coalition government encourage consensual politics
!*increase political participation
! ! = will raise political participation
! ! =reverse decline of parties !
Massicotte on Electoral Reform Options
What are reasonable/unreasonable expectations on switching to PR system, other
-Alternative Vote (AV) unlikely to change results
-australia only 6% ridings affected by AV procedure over long term
-could provide greater legitimacy of elected MPs
-Pure PR
!-unlikely support choice in a country as large and diverse as canada
!-effectively severs the connection between a region and its MP
!-retains link with MP although ridings become larger
!-provides additional seats to parties to ensure number of seats won match vote
!totals on a provincial basis
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