First 6 are in the big c powers given to the gg but in practice the pm has the power. The pm can now get a more accurate reading of what the ppl want in the constituency than the individual mps due to the pms massive resources. Patronage is the glue that keeps the caucus, government and party together. The pm can throw out members, stop them for running for their party, impede promotions or appointments or elections to counsels and committees. Mps are therefore afraid of going against their party and their leader especially if the leader is the pm. Party discipline also works in a similar way in prov politics. Cabinet solidarity and cabinet secrecy are also const. Now its a system of branching committees leading to the cabinet. The pm decides the size of cabinet and the cabinet ministers do not necessarily have particular portfolios. He appoints the cabinet ministers and the deputy ministers.