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POL214Y1 (200)
Lecture

Contemporary Soc.Conserv.Liberal.


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL214Y1
Professor
Victoria Wohl

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January 25, 2011
Small c/l/s
1. CONVERSATISM, LIBERALISM, SOCIALISM (CONTEMPORARY)
contemporary conservatism is an antithesis of classical conservatism.
Gov should not be harnessed to achieve economic success
Class conservatism stresses authority/hierarchy where cont conservatists recognize
cultural diversity, yet it is not their job to promote it
They see individuals responsible for their own actions
They oppose collectivist policies because they undermine personal dignities
They view he best form of gov as small weak with minimal taxes,
They are committed to maximize individual choices
Moral issues; they believe they state should not be in control of them. Not morally
neutrals
CONTEMPORARY LIBERALISM
Seeks to balance with promoting and protecting less disadvantaged groups and
people
More group focused than classical liberalism or contemporary conservatism
Also more open to govern regulating capitalism and economic with the objective
to improving social economic welfare of people
More supportive of policies like pay equity
More in support of education unlike classical liberalism
More sympathetic to social entitlements: right to health, shelter, education these
were first pushed forth by socialists
They want to balance individual freedom and social equality.
They believe in equality of opportunity and the state needs to be involved in it
State should promote social justice in terms of its policies
Contemporary SOCIALISM
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Social and economic values are most important
Class vs. contemporary socialist. Classical socialism is more supportive of small
scale capitalists
They promote equality of condition narrowing gap b/w rich and poor
They talk about systemic discrimination: it is discrimination inherent in traditions,
culture, rules, laws present in institutions/system
They feel systemic discrimination places some groups at more of a disadvantage
than others
They see it in terms of against classes and groups; gender, race, sexual orientation
More open to de-concentration and decentralizing power but continue to want
redistribution of wealth and power
Most likely to push that to look at institution there should be mirrors of population
at large , gov should be active in elimination inequality
2. WHAT IS POLITICAL CULTURE?
Refers to the ethos of a society; a societies way of life
The concept of political culture goes back to the ancients
Andre Siegfried p.287 – The race question in Canada
Culture like climate changes slowly, opinions are like weather
Cultural values are deeper than opinions
Difference b/w pol. Culture and ideologies? Both are abstract ideas, nothing is real
about them
We can talk about left/right, conservatism/liberalism/socialism as just ideas or
philosophies
They are basic beliefs, something you learn and get acculturated, intergenerational
Limits kinds of opinions to be expressed, kinds of policy options available
Groups are the focus of culture
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