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January 11 Lec Note

Political Science
Course Code
Victoria Wohl

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POL 2 1 4 - JAN U ARY 1 1 2 01 1
The Social and Economic Setting
1. Three Fault Lines
- 3 axes around which international politics revolve
1) Riff/Cleavage Between English and French Speaking Communities
- English French Fault line goes back to 1759
- Plains of Abraham in QC
- General Woolfs British forces
- look @ cleavage in canadian politics we look @ issues of different language groups, groups
that have different religious orientation, cultural recognition
- Initially in 1759, French were a majority
- small english speaking minority
- Small dominant economic view
- Since then when the English became the majority, the french have been very protective of
their culture
- the talk in QC is now about sovereignty, not about subjugation
- 1980, 1995 referendums in QC about QC become more sovereign and more independent
from Cda
- these 2 referendums attempted on the battlefield of the 20th century to do what woolfs
muskets had accomplished on the Plains of Abraham in 1759
2) Canadian American Relations
-Canadas Colonial Relation (First to France, then Britain, now people say to US)
- Canada and USA had a different relationship to their colonial master (britain)
- Americans had a revolution
- Canada remained loyal to the british crown
- those who stayed and came up called loyalists
- in 19th century, the USA were believed to take over all of north america (including
- since 20th century, no more concern that US would takeover canada. The concern is
protecting and defending canadian culture and american domination of the canadian
-How do Americans influence canadian foreign or defense policy?
- Canadians may not know who they are, but they know who they’re not -- they’re not
3) Regionalism
- Product of vastness and diversity of Canada
- People, economies, histories of the regions
- Provincial governments have promoted their agents
- 5 region concept of Canada
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- last 50 years, provincial governments have reinforced regionalis by making clear that thye
have their own provincial agendas
- population and industry have accumulated in 2 provinces
- industries endorse regionalism -- western in alot of natural products
- Regionalism is expressed amongst people from different provinces as well as between
federal and provincial gvmnts
- Regionalism arises more from late 19th and early 20th centuries, when western canada
really becomes populated and new provinces are created
- Throughout this whole period, Atlantic Canada has steadily declined and is relatively
Some fault lines dont seem to be quite as important today
- The sharp division between protestants and catholics --> protestantism (with the rise of
secularism) is on a steady decline. However now the division is not as sharp as it once was.
- Catholic numbers however have stayed up because many of the immigrants of Canada are
- New fault lines have come up too. Gender politics for example; the world of women and
feminism in society.
- Aboriginals --> Their rights and attention
- Multiculturalism
- Rural/Urban cleavage in Canada
2. A Systems Approach
- David Easton --> Values get authoritated if we allocate them in a political system
Inputs Outputs
Support System
- When you put in demands, you get allocative responses
- Your support shows a symbolic output and has an impact
- With the symbolic outcome comes feedback
- With feedback (an engineering term) youre able to gain support so it moves in sort of a
- A political system can allocate values integrated ** Find actual quote by Easton
- This all occurs in a socioeconomic environment *** Look for the model by Easton
- Wiseman believes this theory has limitations, its an abstraction. He likes that it makes
people think conceptually and gives a model, but it is a model and a mental construct.
There is nothing hard or real about this. But all the boundaries are quite fuzzy.
Demands and Supports
--> Ex., Public Opinion; Election REsults; Party Policies; Media; Interest Group
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