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Lecture 7


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Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

th Political Science, Lecture 7 October 24 , 2011 Professor Wong Problems of Democracy democracy has been in the news quite lately, the occupy wallstreet, Arab spring,, ending of dictatorship with Gadhafi’s death ”Democracy is seen as a superior form of government” –Wong, it is seen as superior, fair what are democracies are supposed to do? Democracy and Equality there are many virtues, the rules of the game, parliamentary rules, laws of how they function- these rules and laws are the foundations of democracy managing diversity, there is a moderating power, appealing to the center the reflection of the majority’s will, the idea of inclusion, a public space institutionalized uncertainty, normally it is a destabilizing force, but that’s what makes democracy stable- all political parties have a chance of competing variations of democracies, no two democracies are the same, a democracy is fit to a state’s economic, political, historical situation ”Democracy’s resilience is due to it’s variety” -6minutes into recording, they also change over time even in Canada, democracy varies the principle of equality, your one vote equals the same as another’s vote, the truest form of democracy s where there is equality However, the argument remains that the problems of democracy are minimal when compared to other systems, some examples being monarchy, oligarchy and a communist state. I. Equality of Opportunity political equality, the rules of democracy apply equally to all members- no matter race, age, sex, etc. procedural democracy, the process of democracy, free and far elections, the two of them combined equals procedural democracy polyarchy (Robert Dahl) -public contestation, all individuals -inclusive participation, there is no exclusion ultimately, a democracy is about equality and fair political process II. Equality of Outcome political-economic equity, the concern is now the consequences, how does democracy matter? procedural versus substantive democracy, when going from dictatorship to democracy, people expect greater equality of outcome example: democratic welfare state, rise of working class with industrialization e
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