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context of party system

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Nelson Wiseman

September 27th 2010. CONTEXT OF PARTY SYSTEM *important things for test from last week: -patronage (pre WW1), how has it affected parties and party system -seedbedsorigins of canadian political system -corruption of election system (open votes) and other economic interests (John A railroad) I.Classifying Parties and Party system a. Numerical b. Origins c. Organization d. Integrated- Confederal e. Ideological II.Four Canadian Party Systems: 1. Patronage and State Building 1867-1917 2. Brokerage and Nation Building 1921-1963 3. Electronic and Agenda Setting 1963-1988 4. Regional and Fragmentation 1993-2004 I. Classifying Parties and Party system 1. Numerical -after ww2, a sense of triumph and need to try and explain why countries who won were stable democratic states while those who failed were authoritarian a) One Party Dominance: -South Africa has one party system -one party dominates, because it has won over 70% of seats or half the vote, or it may not win 50% of vote but it keeps winning over consecutive years b) Two Party System -system where two parties have overwhelming majority of vote and 90% of seats. BC has two party( liberal and NDP) -2 parties periodic or regular switch of competition c) Three Party System -three parties have minimum of 20% of votes and some seats -1980, 1984 and 1988 three parties with twenty percent of vote in federal elections. d) Two and a half Party System -two major parties and another smaller party (ndp) e) Multiparty System
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