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FAILED STATES--mar.5.12.pdf

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Political Science
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Jeffrey Kopstein

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FAILED STATES Modernization: Sequences  West: State first, nation second, followed by mass politics  The rest, this sequence not always followed  Mass politics before institutional development Praetorian polities  A modicum of modernization (education, urbanization, industrialization)  Weak institutionalization—parties, bureaucracies, regulation  Weak civil societies o Voluntary associations that are non-governmental people can join  Democratic politics: programmatic versus clientelisitc/charismatic o Based on parties—formally similar to ours o People are paid to vote in lesser developed countries o Highly personalistic  Institutional overload: raw social power confronting states unmediated by institutions of civil societies and political parties  International financial institutions apply pressures of their own Praetorian polities: nationalism and political integration  Post-colonial state precedes “nation.” Problems of “tribalism” and national integration  Dysfunction of parties (elections are ethnic censuses)  Dysfunction of bureaucracies  Economic development policies meant to sustain state rather than create wealth Praetorian polities: the Coup  Mass politics, wea
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