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Postwar Reconstruction

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

Political Science February 14 , 2011 Postwar Reconstruction Reading: Ikenberry, Creating Yesterdays New World Order - Keynesian New Thinking, pp.57-86 Paper #2 This paper not argumentative, picking values vs. policy Simply to compare them Need to describe these contendingcomplementary perspectives How to compare? Similarities and dissimilarities, contradictions and complementariness, units of analysis, individual vs. systems, contingencies vs. structure Asias Rise Government intervention created strategic polices to create comparative advantage Infant industry protection Alexander Hamilton wrote about this. How th America in late 18 century going to grow? He gave answer you have to protect infant industries by making foreign competition more expensive by increasing tariff barriers, by putting a tax on foreign goods Picking and making market winners American patronage Americans provided military support, Americans bought Asian goods, e.g. America provided largest navel fleet in Japan Developmental state something uniqueextraordinary about how govts worked, how institutions of govt was hierarchical allowing coordination, only best and brightest were invited into bureaucracy, states had extraordinary power Export oriented growth economies plugged into global economy, enjoyed positive terms of trade (sold more than purchased) and essentially benefitted from global economy Outliner or Model? Market regarding Smith Market regarding economic that took very seriously supply and demand, and foreign trade Mercantilist List and Hamilton Predicated on govt intervention, predicated economic nationalism, and used policies to create comparative advantages Dependent development Lenin and Wallerstein Peripheral countries and dependent on foreign countries, foreign aid, foreign markets Global Economic Growth End of 19 century, world GDP WAS 2.5 % per year During interwar period, grew about 1% In immediate post war period, 4.2% growth 1960-1970 GDP growing at 5.3% per year
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