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Political Science
Ryan Balot

POL200Y1Y L5101 1 R. Balot L15: The Prince II June 30, 2009 6:01 PM Todays Lecture Finishing Ch 6: The Wholly New Prince Rulers + the People Ch. 10 + Fortification Ecclesiastical States Armies Transformation of Virtues + Vices Today we examine one of the most important sections of the entire second half of the course. Here he really tries to transition to the political philosophy of modernity from ancient times Finishing Ch 6: The Wholly New Prince If you look at the examples of the wholly new prince, you seethat these are the ideal paradigms of princes (recall the 4). He says, in a rhetorical gesture, that fortune gave these leaders only their first opportunity only by displaying its malignancy. These were hardly pieces of good luck. These founders of wholly new principalities needed nothing from fortune. If this is true then think back to the dedicatory epistle. Hence, this raises the question of whether Machiavelli himself is a founder of a new order. He was beset by the malignity of fortune (recall that he was born into a divided Italy). So it may just be bad fortune, but what he is getting at is that the paradigmatic rulers recognized the malignancy of fortune as an opportunity for greatness. Glory shines more brightly when beset by obstacles! In chapter 20, Machiavelli says that fortune makes one surrounded by enemies and dangers so that a great man can climb the ladder of glory (which is provided by enemies). Nietzchean thought seems to originate here. In Book 1 chapter 26 of the Discourses, Machiavelli says that the new prince must remake the principality in his image and undertake a complete revolution. Rulers + the People Is it better to be seconded by the people or the elite? According to Machiavelli the conqueror MUST understand traditions of liberty as well as political structures of those people - [Chapter 4] o But the difference is that a single prince made all of his subordinates dependent on him. He has created loyalty among them if he has chosen his subordinates wisely. But the more important factor is that the populace of such territories will recognize a single ruler. Hence, the single ruler has the loyalty of both nobles and people. He will have difficulty being attacked since the loyalty of the people. They are hard to conquer since their loyalties are not divided. But once conquered, they are very loyal. Once you kill the old princes family, their loyalty goesto you.
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