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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Sophia Moreau

MULTICULTURALISM How do liberal states deal with multiculturalism? It is the spread of democracy. Many countries worldwide use this type of government. The idea is that democracy is hegemonic. So all states have to adhere to democracy even though they are not for it. Ethnicity, race and religion are very powerful in politics as ways of organizing political people, mobilizing against bad governance just as quickly as democracy is spreading. Both are actually coming together. How it is that democractic countries compromising all these things of ethnicity, race, and religion. Are the governments obligated? What are the normative obligations to those of distinguished ethnic, racial and religious? 1. Types of groups a. National minorities b. Immigrants Kymlicka says different groups need certain accommodations. He means the historical differences. It doesnt turn to language or religion. He looks at the historical inference of how they came to be incorporated in the state. If a country that has national minorities is multinational If it has immigrant minorities it is polyethnic Most of these nations can be both. National Minorities Terrirtorially bounded Historical community or common history Functioning social institutions like school, Share a distinct language or culture How to be a national minority can be through war of conquer where one powerful force invaded by another very powerful invader. Also a territorial force can give up a colony to another force. Boundaries can shift where certain groups can find themselves under control of other states because of such shift.
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