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Political Science
Jean- Yves Haine

GLOBALZATION - Level of individual leaders (preferences, belief system, characters etc. of specific leaders), rule of decision makers (represent specific interests of organizations), interstate relation (classic diplomatic relations between states, history of relationship between states), world system (globalization) - Globalization has many definitions, in its essence it is a process of economic exchange of technology and development, of widening and deepening of interconnection among people (different people underline different parts of globalization; e.g. technology, economy, or cultural) - Ease of travel using internet booking, travelling today means the compression of time (everything is faster and quicker); more exchanges, opening of different cultures and languages, - capacity to travel today brings a dark side of globalization (e.g. SARS) ease of transport of diseases (pandemic), 9/11 attack changes the way we travel today (absolute border control, led to securitization of travelling), also led to immigration - television, media, etc., exchange of information 24/7, now any event in the world today receives immediate coverage, e.g. 1956 netherlands were struck by flooding CBS reported it in U.S.A. but the rate where it travelled was slow (one week from east cost to west coast) compared to flooding in Pakistan where there was instant reporting…truly global - impact of mobile phone…transform the way business is done, cut intermediaries processes; less estimating - use of internet news around the world travel instantly, (e.g. despite control of government to control news on what is happening in Iran information were still broadcasted), no longer just the newspaper and media controlling the news, but the civilians themselves, individuals being allowed to create news, information available for everyone to see, (e.g. Danish cartoon Lebanon led to organized demonstrations), internet has fundamentally changed the way people think and communicate, and the way the world is organized, the way business is conducted o some countries have tried to control the flow of information, in the long term the fail, but short term they may succeed to disturb the flow (e.g. Saudi Arabia blackberry demand), information may be global but states are trying to regain control the flow of information (e.g. China and google), internet seem to be less free than it used to be - traveling, mobile phone, internet, and financial activities - financial activities; because of the revolution of technology massive amount of money are able to travel a huge distant (2 trillions of dollar change hands daily in the market), assets are spread all over the world and they are interconnected (e.g. what happens in the U.S. has impact on the rest of the world), financial world so intertwined that collapse of one banking system can collapse the rest of the banking system, American crisis became global because of how intertwined the banking system were, need the intervention of IMF to interfere, truly global system - for a company like mac’d there is no local market, but one global market….similarly for car industry, cars were linked to the market where they were produced, but now produced from part made from different parts of the world, the nationality of the brand is highly debatable - globalization transform the way the world is doing business, thinking, and fundamental change compare to the world 25 years ago - for the last 20 years we have seen liberalization of markets, rise of free markets the produce changes, first and foremost an economic, willingless of states to be open and benefit from change, most difficult cases are for countries that specialize in one export item, they tend not to open their market and they suffer more than open countries 1) explaination of where globalization is talked about - living in a post-cold war world, made globalization possible, but a competiting ideology (communism) was ended, the capitalist west and communist east is over, some people talk about the end of history, meaning only one model exists which is western democracy, no more competition between ideas, thus free markets were the way to go (e.g. Poland that were from soviet rule transform itself in market democracy quickly), wave of decmoratizaion, liberalization, end of cold war crucial element in the process of globalizaiton, it made today’s world possible 2) explanation - the success of countries which choose to be open, that success led to imitation by other countries, therefore the Asian tiger have impact on other countries that belonged to third countries, some countries made the right economic choices and thus countires follow…success brings imitation..3) explanation - These three explanations led to most important part of globalization; environment of people,emerge a transnational global society where citizenship doesn’t matter anymore, able to create groups beyond borders, traditional border aspect of the state is increasingly obsolete, global citizenship aspect most obvious when talking about environmental issues because by nature it is a global issue, o since 1982 Time magazine’s planet of the year the enviornmetn became a global phenomenon, 1 o ```````crucial important question on how the world of states can weight upon themselves to take measures against climate change, no consensus about what to do, two competing levels (rising consciousness of people about climate change, vs. world of state and diplomacy where they have to come up with decisions…which isn’t working out), leads questions to impact of globalization on traditional politics - Globalization can be defined as the historical process involving a fundamental shift or transformation in the scale of human social organization, and the shift/transformation links distant communities together and it expands the reach of power relations at different levels across regions and continents (some underlines the technological component, others underline economic policies that make globalization possible), st o it’s a historical process so as such it can be reversed, 1 wave ofthlobalization collapsed with WWI, the world at that time was even more globalized than it is today, at end of 19 century there was a network of information, it was a mechanic device, it was travelling quickly at that time, golden age of daily press, because it was
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