The Melian Dialogue
o The Athenians took control of Melos
o Strong do what they have the power to do
o Weak accept what they have to accept
However, what are the interests behind the powerful country ?
The interests are important to analyzing the way power is used
What do states want ?
o The actor defines the interest/ the interest defines the actor
This is because the relationships are similar to each others interests
o Winston Churchill quote about Russia
To understand what Russia might do, you need to understand the Russian national
Russia has some national interests b/c of their history, their geographical region and
Want different things
There are two schools of thought for what states want
One suggests that states want security over everything else ( defensive realists)
Their policies will show this national interest
The opposing school suggest that state want power over everything else (
Once again, this national interest will be shown within their policies
Another thinking suggests that welfare is the primary concern
States look out for the welfare of their citizens and try to give them the best life
Acceptance is another way that this may be what states want the most
Comes from the constructivist school of international theory
( possible example - China )
States are not completely motivated by security, power or welfare
The most important thing to them is acceptance in the international
o Nature vs. Nurture
Some say national interests is a natural process
Others believe that Nurture makes their national interest, for other countries
shape their national interest
Their interactions socially with other countries cause them to create their
Absolute Vs. Relative Gains
o Actor A and Actor B has 5 units
2nd distribution : Actor a has 4 and b has 3
3rd distribution : Actor A has 6 and Actor 6 and B has 7
Relative gains goes for the second distribution
These are gains which are highlighted by realists
o Absolute gains are the 3rd distribution This distribution is highlighted in by liberalists
Canadian National Interests
What is the Canadian National Interest
o Security interests
o Economic interests
o World order interests
o Domestic/social/identity interests
All of these together are the Canadian national interest
Also, what is the intensity of the Canadian National Interest
o National interests
Are very vague so you have to study them so that you can see their affect on policy
Interests = goals = policy
Ex: greater economic growth = increased Canadian Competitiveness = ???
( this is very vague)
What does it mean to be competitive ?
How do we be competitive ?
How do we reflect this in our policy ?
o Interests can also conflict with other interests : Guns Vs. Butter
Is national defence more important than well being ?
Which interest is more important for your society ?
The Falklands War
o Falkland Islands small group of Islands of