Class Notes (839,245)
Canada (511,223)
POL208Y1 (500)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - security dilemma.docx

2 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Lilach Gilady

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
The Security Dilemma October-23-13 10:11 AM The dilemma  How do we increase our security without threatening others  When we fail - the spiral model of war  There are many actions and reactions to situations  Solution: Cant we all make the first move ? The Prisoners Dilemma  Is a classic example of game theory  Rational actors fail to cooperate even when cooperation is the optimal collective outcome What is Rationality ?  It is an instrument and a tool  Based on all available actions, the actor has a clear ordering of Preferences over all possible outcomes  Actors will choose the outcome that offers maximum utility at the minimal cost  There is no moral and no normative judgements  However there is the problem of aggregation - outcomes need to be rational across all levels of analysis Game Theory  Game theories are models of social interactions as a game  Each game has structures that are based upon the actors preferences  Each actor comes up with a strategy  The outcome is based on the combination of strategies which are chosen  We look at the payouts in an ordinal way, nor cardinal  A higher payoff is preferable  If we know the structure of the game, then we can predict the behaviour  The identity of an actor or the context of the game is immaterial  This can be used to help and explain many things, such as wars and the nuclear arms race The Prisoners Dilemma  What do you do In a certain situation to see your best outcome ?  The best outcome collectively in each situation is for both parties to cooperate  However, how do you get this to happen ?  Ex: India Pakistan arms race  The best payoff in this situation is
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.