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POL208Y1 (499)

lecture 1 +2

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Political Science
Lilach Gilady

Lectures 1 and 2 Introduction This lecture introduced students to key concepts related to theoretical thinking in the social sciences Definition of a Theory description explanation prediction Paradigm A philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within which theories laws and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of them are formulatedDeduction versus Induction The importance of causal mechanisms to avoid the dangers of spurious correlationTesting a theory and the importance of falsification as a basis for theoretical refinement and progress LEVELS OF ANALYSISA way of organizing and simplifying variables to gain explanatory powerCounterfactuals a thought experiment We need to ask if it werent for thisvariable would the outcome changeThe decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima as an example INDIVIDUAL level Can an individual change historyIf we took this person out of history would we get the same outcome Personality education past
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