Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
POL214Y1 (215)
Lecture 4

POL 207 lecture 4.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Sebastian Baglioni

England 1) Identify its historical evolution First direct election of EU members of parliament – 1979 Citizens’ involvement was inefficient. All the problems and crises were solved by political leaders, not by people directly -> It sums up to democratic deficit. 1992 – European citizenship  Ancient (consistent tradition) evolution is much more slow and adaptive, nothing drastic. - Rituals & Tradition of Parliament (Parliament has been a central power for centuries) - No written constitution (authorized and traditional laws & regulations) - The House of Lords (is an authoritative chamber) - The British Monarchy (the Queen of England – unity & symbolism) (represents the whole nation) (British monarchy has blended well in modern & democratic times)  Modern - Legacy of Imperialism (commonwealth still exists) (whole territories they dominate besides their geographical territory) (tradition of empire and world dominance)(Atlantic special relations with US) - Mode of Integration into the EU (it was not an obvious option for Britain, they could or could have not joined the EU. Or could have joined in a different way, because the way they relate to EU is complex) (they are very touchy how the participation would be even) - Devolution (most recent development started in the 90s, Scotland, Wales and Ireland) (not homogeneous, unity is challenged) (1997 these territories could have their own parliaments/powers) 2) Post war situation  Sense of superiority (Strong) (Role in the war of the UK, they resisted Nazi Germany unlike France that was invaded and whose government was invaded - England was on a winning side)  Push for leadership on global level (Empire)  Uninterrupted political institutions (parliament, prime minister, queen were always there unlike France when their government was exiled)  Experience of “island nation” (separated from Europe, island mentality, they are part of Europe on their own terms) CONCLUSION – reluctance towards integration combined with necessity of integration. (EU is good for you but may not be good for us) 3) Analyse its political institutions The Westminster Model - Unitary State (centralized authority) - Absolute Parliamentary sovereignty - Cabinet Government monitored by Parliament (parliament controls the government, prime minister is elected by the majority) - Single opposition block in parliament (6 parties may be there but they are all I n1 bloc) (idea/impression of stable system) - Two-party electoral competition - “First past the post” electoral syst
More Less

Related notes for POL214Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.