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POL214Y1 (215)


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Political Science
Victoria Wohl

Canadian Politics: Week 6 - October 19 , 2010h - Economic development update given not in Parliament but in Mississauga in front of a group of Chinese-Canadians: decline of Parliament - All provincial ministers met in Vancouver last week Good test questions: What are the constituent components of Parliamentary government? (crown, senate, HoC) What are the functions of Parliament? What are the roles of MPs? What is Federalism? - Law that covers federalism is in the BNA Act - 28 countries in the world have a federal system, making up 40% of the population of the world - Pg 195-196, the power to make laws is divided between a central government and provincial governments - In theory the premiers would not be subordinate to the prime minister, in reality subnational governments are concerned with less vital, more local concerns - In practice, federal systems are usually biased in one direction or another, Canada is one of the most decentralized systems in the world, the United States is one of the more centralized ones - Natural political competition by both levels to expand their jurisdictional powers - One indicator of a bias in a federal system is you look at who controls taxation, banking, finance o Provinces are big actors in Canada - Who gets the residual power? Any power that iZL[o]Z: o L L7][Zo o In US, it belongs to the states and to individuals - Since the 1950s, federal government has been giving up tax points to the provincial governments, giving them more tax room - What happens when you have a dispute between federal and provincial governments regarding Z}[Z]L Z2}Z}KZ]L2M o One way is to go to the courts o Another more practical way is to negotiate out of court - }L]ZLZ]ZoLZ]Z}]L ]oL[ o o For example, airports are federal, federal governments regulate airlines In mid 1970s, federal government decided Pearson airport was too small, decided to build an airport in Pickering People in Pickering were against it, started lobbying provincial government Province decided it was against the airport, said that it would not provide roads and sewers to service the airport, so the airport was not built
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