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POL214Y1 (206)

social and economic setting

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Victoria Wohl

POL 214 Jan 12011 The social and economic setting This term we look more at identities and political problems (regionalism big part of Canadian politics), language politics, Canada in a broader context (Canada and the World), multiculturalism, aboriginal politics, media, and interest groups. 1. Three Fault Lines 2. A System Approach 3. Material well-being 4. Equality 5. Quality of life Three Fault Lines (of Canadian politics) Chapter 1 pages 26-28 Brooks talks about three axis which Canadian politics revolve The first fault line is the rift btw the English and French colonies in Canada. The 2nd fault line is Canadian and American relations, and the 3 rd fault line is regionalism. All 3 relate to the constitutions and institutions we studied in the first term. st 1 fault line: EnglishFrench fault line goes back to 1759 and the defeat of the French by the English on the Plains of Abraham. When looking at this we take into consideration the differences in language, religion and culture. At this time the majority was French and the minority was English. By 1850s the English speakers were majority and they wanted recognition. Since then when the French became minority they were worried about their distinct culture and language (being overtakenoverridden by English Canada). 2nd fault line is the CanadianAmerican relation: they had quite a different relationship to the colonising power (British Crown), USA revolted and Canada th remained loyal. In the 19 century the fear was that the US might annex Canada and take it over, since the 20 century the concern has been defending or protecting Canadian culture and American domination of the Canadian economy (Canadian foreign or defence policy). Canadians do not know who they are but they know who theyre not...Americans. The threat to French Canada is not from America, its from 1
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