POL215 LEC 6 10/11/2012 6:09:00 AM
The communist party in Russia spread awareness to workers and important
factor of political ideology.
-became the typical model
In Asia the first communist state was China who added their own twist on
communist ideology and practice in order to make the revolution happen.
the republic formed 1911 and was an outgrowth of a modernist national
movement away from the zing dynasty
Inspired by nationalists
The nationalist did not have a very strong army or strong base of support in
order to establish a state and relied on accommodation of more powerful
a long period from 1911-1928 in which China falls into a warlordism, which
territories are ruled by those who have arms etc
which leaves the ability by the forced to organize an alternative, the two
forces are the KMT and The Communist Party
the Chinese communist party were not interested in ideological appeal but a
revolutionary appeal due to pressing issues in China
- the idea of a renewal of people in China and liberation from dynastic rule
The KMT was attracted to the Soviet model as well as the Communist Party
There’s a formation early in the 1920 of a front between the first united
front(the nationalists and(KMT) and the Communist party) 1923 -1927 to
oust the warlords and leaders.
The KMT had the greater power and was the KMT who seized power under
Chi ki ZEN
CCP was still in its infancy, most of their actions been strikes trying to
organize unions and uprising of peasants against landlords, but not very
The KMT seize power in 1928 who form temporary alliances with the
communist who n the end up being bitter enemies
Despite the pressure form the Japanese on the one side attacked the
communist party and weakened them.
Under the threat of being crashed 100 000 communist fled to the north of
Many died in the process, and only a few remained the core of the movement and tried to renew the group, especially militarily
The sought the backing of peasants which is what China was predominantly
made up of.
As they were reorganizing 1933-135 the KMT was going to organize another
United Front, they saw the remerging communist as a way to at least solve
one problem with the Japanese coming closer
The CCP was starting to gain control over its respectful areas, reorganizing
and growing as the KMT weakened at the hands of the Japanese.
The CCP built very strong grass roots organization because they understood
the strength of having functional organizations and groups which can be
mobilized and linked to the party structure. > Party-cadres
The crux of this came as the KMT was very significantly weakened and the
Communist part y had been growing as the Japanese lost the war in 1945.
From 1945 they were able to spread across the rest of China and push KMT
across the border into Taiwan and across the border.
In 1949 the party declared China the Communist Republic of China
Revolution through armed struggle
role of peasantry
education of masses of party-cadres
The problem with communism was where the revolution would happen, is
that it happened with agriculturally based countries.
There was no industrial work force to tap into for a revolution
What Maoist writings had is that the role of the peasantry is key, and
interesting enough Marx had dismissed peasantry.
The red army becomes the first clear explicit use of armed struggle as a
Mao pushes even more the education of the masses.
Origins of Indochinese Communist Party
(Ho Chi Minh leader of the communist party in Vietnam)
start in Indochina, formed in 1930 by Ho Chi Minh who came from a family of civil servants.
1920 joined the French communist party
1923 sent to the soviet union for some training and to represent the
peasantry for the French communist Party
1930 he created a unified communist party called the Indochinese
Very quickly under French they trade to create uprisings against the French,
where were quickly crushed.
Looking at the Post World war II environment where is a lot of organization
in terms of an armed movement.
from then on a systematic armed organization that is successful
1944-1945 leading peasants to raiding rice depots that the Japanese held
which increased their following and popularity
When the Japanese surrendered the Vietnim were already in power in large
areas in 1945
After an entire decade at world they eventually beat the French which ended
French colonial rule. This strengthened the power and legitimacy of the
communist party i