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Lecture 3

POL224 Lecture 3 september 24th .rtf

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Rodney Haddow

POL224 September 24th 2013 - keep in mind that international law always emerges when there is sovereignty - with the sovereign state there is a system of the highest right of demand that are territorially specific with nobody above them. international law is a system that is voluntary Theme G: Government and the State - government is only part of the state - in Canada, when we think of the government we think of only the executive part of the gov't system - we may say someone works in the government, meaning they work in a theocracy - terms are not defined as precisely in political science as they would be in physics - the state itself includes many other components: theocracy, military, judiciary, legislature, state firms, schools - the government many command all these other parts of the state, we could think of countries in which these other elements are predominant, but the real power is somewhere else. - for example, where the real power could be in the military, like in Egypt, and Iran serves as another example Theme H: Politics - politics= the use of power in the context of the state - power is included in 3 different ways of exercise as defined in last weeks lecture - if out isn't in the context of the state, then it - there is a different in principle between what is political power and what isn't - we would draw a distinction of the power exercise of power being political and not political, with the boundary between the 2 being moveable, the notion of marital rape is an example of this malleability - political scientists would agree on a definition of a nation as not being the same as a state Theme I: Nation - a nation is instead something we might call an imagined community, as defined by Anderson. it is an evocative notion, if we try to find out what a nation is, nationalism most would agree there are no object scientifically categorizable factors to conclude on what it is. Instead it is a collectivity of people that is willed by its members - aka an imagined community - because a bunch of people think they are a nation - language, ethnicity, race, religion, a shared, perceived history as being that something that gives people a sense of community - power, sovereignty, institution has not been included in defining this sense of belonging which will have a political dimension in terms of defining a nation - concept of nationality emerged in the 19th century in Europe, in terms of this becoming widespread phenomenon, notion that there should be apolitical movement brought in the footsteps of napoleons soldiers - language is a large component as well - in the 20th century, the fact that the conquering imperialism came from Europe - which country would we say that Theme J: Nationalism - nationalism is political to the extent that it claims political entity to the state, political claims on behalf of such a collectivity - it may involve a claim for a sovereign state which is therefore a nation-state - it may or may not be claim that because we have a something in common, we are sovereign and should only negotiate with other states in equal terms… - it may involve a claim of a sovereign or nation state Theme K: Nation-State - a more civic sense of the term ,a state that is identified with a nation - france is both a sovereign state and the home of the french people, predominantly a sense of french-ness, in terms of language
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