POL312 – Canadian Foreign Policy
Mar 7 2013
Domestic Foreign Policy Nexus 2
- Identity: our relationship to others (and ourselves)
o “Imagined communities” (Anderson)
o In the late 20 century (Post 60’s) there is an explosion of identity
politics. It took on a new dynamic in the aftermath in women’s
movement, African American movement, gay rights movement,
environmental movement, and other civil movements.
o Imagined bonds that people share. Identity groups are collective but
they also only have meaning because other people don’t share them.
They constitute each other.
- Citizenship: our relationship to the state
o Reciprocal duties and obligations
o “Postnational citizenship”? “Globalized citizenship?”
o Citizenship has 2 things – 1 , legal relationship because if you are a
citizen of a state, then state owes you something. There can be a
reciprocal relationship where you owe the state something like taxes
or military service. 2 , a sense of obligation and attached to the
nation of your citizenship, and is in line with being a “good citizen”.
o We have this ideas and identity which is malleable to us.
- Canada: nation of immigrants but also a state without a (single) nation
o Ethnic nationalism vs. Civic nationalism
o Regional concentration of diaspora groups: i.e. Haitians in Montreal,
Ukrainians in Prairies, South Asians in Brampton… concept of
o Urban’/rural decide re: concentration of immigrant communities
o Canada, US, New Zealand, Australia… these are places that effectively
displaced indigenous population. The national identity that is
nationally dominant are magnification of particular identity of the
most powerful and elite groups in the society which is to say that they
are the identities that reflect the identities.
o Civil nationalism – non ethnic concept of nationalism.
- Various definitions
- Most emphasize: being out of place, longing for home, otherness,
discrimination, lack of assimilation - Changing global dynamics of migration and belonging require changed
understanding of diaspora populations
- Diaspora means connection to 2 distinct