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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Joseph Bryant

Lecture 5: 13/10/10 In the news: We lost our bid for the Security Council seat. UN Security Council: -An organ of the UN: one of six -General Assemble (all member states) -ICJ, Secretariat (made u p of individuals rather than states) -SC, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council What does it do? -Issues declarations and is thus a source of sources (provides sources for conventional international law) -Under the Charter, the functions and powers of the SC are listed (to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the UN; to investigate any disputes or situation which might lead to international friction; to recommend methods of adjusting such disputes to the terms of settlement; to formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments; to determine the existence of a threat to the pace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken; to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression to take military action against an aggressor; to recommend the admission of new Members; to exercise the trusteeship functions of the UN in “strategic areas”; to recommend…) -You can get in by a) winning WWII; b) applying for one of the rotating positions -The council is composed of 5 permanent members (China, France, Russian Federation, the UK and the US – and then non-permanent members elected by the GA for two-year terms and not eligible for immediate re-election) -The GA elected Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa to serve as non- permanent members of the SC for two-year terms starting on 1 January 2011. The newly elected countries will replace Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey and Uganda. UN SC Votes: -The Presidency of the SC is held in turn, for one month, by the members of the SC -Article 27 of the UN charter each council member has one vote. Decisions on procedural matters are made by an affirmative vote of at least nine of the 15 member. Decisions on substantive matters require nine votes, including the concurring votes of all 5 permanent members. This is the rule of “great Power unanimity”, often referred to as the “veto” power. UN SC Decisions: -Under the Charter, all members of the UN agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the SC. While other organs of the UN make recommendations to Governments, the Council alone has the power to take decisions which Member States are obligated under the Charter to carry out: Article 25, UN Charter What happened? -Ignatieff is responsible? -Our foreign policy has changed: less multilateral -Canada didn’t provide the level of foreign aid it should have (specifically, Africa) -Harper is too pro-Israeli -Portugal is more effective in buying the votes of smaller countries -Brussels: The EU, by nominating 3 countries for 2 positions when it could have nominated 2 countries for 2 positions, it sidelined Canada (problem with nominations)Self-Determination: What is it? Focus on states; Principle of Self-Determination Article 1(2) UN Charter: one of the purposes of the UN is the development of “friendly relations among nation based on r
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