Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSG (50,000)
PSY (4,000)
PSY220H1 (200)
Lecture

PSY220H1 Lecture Notes - Fundamental Attribution Error, Cognitive Load


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY220H1
Professor
Jason Plaks

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 21 pages of the document.
Attribution:
“Why did that person
do that?”
Foundation for more
complex human behavior
(e.g., altruism,
aggression).
Perception (objects or people):
The phenomenology : one-to-one
correspondence between “what I see” and
“what is out there” (i.e., “feelssimple, direct,
& accurate).
The reality : Perception is not simple,
involves many steps, and is often inaccurate
(though it is generally lawful ).
www.notesolution.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

UNCONSCIOUS INFERENCES
Unconscious inferences from built-in
assumptionsfill in the gaps.
Without such assumptions, we would have a
difficult time making sense of the world.
BUT: They can sometimes lead to mistakes,
illusions.
Person perception is like object perception in
some key ways, different in others.
HEIDER and the Logical/ Attributional
Approach
Heider (1958): The inferential processes by
which we understand people based on their
behaviour/appearance are similar to how we
understand objects based on their
motion/appearance .
What do they have in common? Basic
principles of causal analysis.
www.notesolution.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

3. Attribution extracts dispositions from
behaviour.
People have the implicit understanding
that behaviour often reflects
dispositions.
When people see someone act they
perform an additional step of attribution
that establishes a causal link between
behaviour and disposition.
Principles of Causal Inference
(according to Heider, 1958)
1. Attribution is vital and pervasive. It lends
meaning and order to what would otherwise be
a chaotic array of stimuli.
2. Behaviours express stable dispositions.
Behaviour is a “medium for the transmission of
psychological characteristics.
Heiders approach described what people should do , if
operating optimally.
Accuracy” not measured by comparing subjects’ ratings
to scientific measurement (e.g., on a trait dimension).
Research has been aimed at:
Development of the rules of inferential logic (what
people should do).
Empirical testing of when people do and do not
follow such rules (what people do do ).
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version