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Lecture 2

PSY230H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Dementia Praecox, Oedipus Complex, Personal Unconscious


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY230H1
Professor
Maja Djikic
Lecture
2

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PSY230H1F Lecture 2 Sept. 20, 2011
Understand how biography influences theory,
ex. Family, time period, culture
Don’t need to know dates at all
Carl G. Jung
Analytical Psychology
Biographical Context
Mother: “ugly, authoritarian, and haughty
(prone to anger).”
Disagreed w F’s focus on sexuality
Oedipus complex would not make sense
to him
Father: Pastor, “kind-hearted, somewhat
boring”
Disagreement w castration anxiety
Only child?
Autobiography: emphasizes childhood
fantasies, dreams, anxiety
Spent much time on own entertaining +
distracting self
‘Fainting’ episodes (Ex. When tripped and fell)
Enjoyed the attention
So often left school for 6 months
Stopped when heard father say he couldn’t
function for real life
 immediately cured since understood
consequences
Dual personality (from spending so much
time alone, nervousness spilt off to wanting
prominence):
nervous boy, shushed when spoke up,
imagined he was prominent prominent
man of 18th century
Between 15 and 18: religious crisis
“I cannot believe in what I do not know, and
what I know I need not believe in.”
Ex. If I’m hungry, I feel I’m hungry and I
know I’m hungry thinking doesn’t have a
place, important to hold onto knowledge
Burhgolzi Period
Medicine on scholarship, wanted to study
optometry
Notice: any of these theorists started out
in non-psych studies
Studied psychiatry w Bleuler@Burhgolzi
hospital
Ppl used to be chained, inhumane
treatment
B first to change this
B believed there WAS a point to understand
these ppl, that they just couldn’t communicate
properly
Introduced the use of psychological tests
Asked J to experiment w Word Association
Test
WAT: enunciating to a subject a succession of
carefully chosen words: to each of them the
subject had to respond with the first word that
occurred to them
Today we’d look for patterns, but the
original version recorded it
Pay attention to:
Reaction time
Ex. Long pause if Freud asked about
mother
Very unusual response
Repeating the stimulus word
Asking what it means
Pretending it wasn’t said
Long or multiple word response
Not responding at all
adds up to a story of why, that there is
something internal to be understood
Primary Aim: detection and analysis of
complexes
Complex: A group of emotionally charged
thoughts, feelings, events, and ideas that are
related to a particular theme
Things associate to each other, add to the
complex
Long pauses could show complexes
F: Unconscious was sexual anguish, didn’t
same idea of a complex as J
J: Nothing in the unconscious is static,
things either grow or extinguish
Women: Erotic complexes in the
foreground
Family, dwelling, pregnancy, children,
marital situation
Older women: Regrets about previous
lovers
Men: Ambition, money, striving to succeed
came before erotic complexes
Work situation
Accidental complexes: Related to
specific past events in patient’s life
Ex. Drowning in sea@5, don’t rly rmbr it
Permanent complexes: In hysteria and
dementia praecox
Hysteria: Associations affected by a
great complex relating to an old secret
wound
Individual could be cured if one
could bring him to conquer,
assimilate this complex
Can be done on irrationally speaking
person
Ex. Woman finds out the man she
loved but didn’t marry was in love

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with her; killed her children, ended
up in the hospital, quickly recovered
(due to confession)
Dementia praecox: More fixed
complexes
Incurable, can’t be dissolved like
most complexes
Only works to the extent you are trying to
suppress it, once dissolved doesn’t occupy
as much space in unconscious
Hard to get beyond schizophrenia:
preoccupied with delusions, indirect,
more associated in unconscious since
more serious medical issue
Dissolving a complex:
Doesn’t mean the bhvr is extinguished
Defenses are down, bhvr less
suppressed
Ex. Excitement of argument, drunk,
tired
Application in criminal justice system via Lie
Detection Test
Found thieves w word association (ex.
Steal, wallet, money)
Series of words can affect outcome, can be
changed for each person
Can be inaccurate
  physiological expressions of feelings
can be unique to each indiv
Ex. Bad reaction to “wallet” if yours
was stolen vs. you stealing someone
else’s’
Can convince yourself you didn’t do it
  suppresses your physiological
responses
Distancing from Freud
As early as 1906, J wrote that doesn’t agree w
F’s ideas on importance of infantile sexual
trauma, Oedipus Complex
F’s psychotherapy “at best a possible one.”
Believed F’s psychotherapy was not
only one
Freud fainted but J didn’t care
1913-1919: The Intermediate Period
Creative illness of many psycho-theorists
Discarded much of their material
  Self-Analysis
F: started w father’s death, then dream
analysis w FA
J: confronted his unconscious
Write, draw his dreams every morning
Told self stories, forced self to prolong them
by writing down anything his imagination
would dictate
Allowed himself to daydream, understand
what’s in his mind
Tried to continue the dream stories
Felt almost submerged by unconscious,
couldn’t take anything him srsly, seemed
crazy since voices in his head
Focused on forcing self to understand
the voices, where they were coming
from
Imposed several rules to protect self:
Maintain a strong tie to reality – talking
backwards from unconscious
Examine carefully each image from the
unconscious to translate it as far as
possible into language of consciousness
Ascertain how far the revelations of the
unconscious could be translated into
actions, incorporated in daily life
Figured out what our actions mean,
how they relate to our unconscious
If something bad pops in our mind that you
shouldn’t pay attention to:
Somehow links to your everyday life
Acknowledging it Can improve your
functioning
1916, J published article outlining new concept
of the unconscious
Ways of coping with the unconscious:
Repress it
Exhaust it through reductive analysis
Become entirely submerged in it (like
schizophrenics)
Explore it
Ex. Dream of violence due to being
violent, could be guilt over past violence
The Collective Unconscious & The Archetypes
For years, J mostly concerned w personal
unconscious:
(All of F’s unconscious = personal
unconscious)
Level of the unconscious that’s affected by
personal experiences
Split off fragments have autonomous
development to come back together:
Whatever is repressed is spilt off,
organized by a stable entity into a
personality (characteristic set of ways
we adapt to the world + others)
Organize themselves into personalities
Collective Unconscious
Deeper level of unconscious common to
all people
Seat of primordial images, archetypes
Autonomous development
Suppressed parts of the psyche:
Spilt off

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Organize themselves into personalities
that have stable ways of interacting w
themselves, others
Ex. A woman innerly speaking to J
Archetype
A predisposition to respond to the world in
certain ways because we have shared the
environments
Ex. Having a mother, having to eat, nature,
idea of a home, having a body (things come
full circle, mystery off death through
inevitable)
Universal Don’t depend on unique
individual experience (ex. Going to university,
hunting buffalo) because they happen to
everyone
Collective disposition to address these
problems = Archetype (more primitive than
the social construct)
Archetypes = Latent, Unconscious
Archetypal images = Manifestations of
archetypes to the consciousness
Actions based on these predispositions
Archetypes
Persona: a façade or a social mask a person
projects toward exterior world to play a role
Through which you interacting to the world
Signifies appropriate actions in specific
situations
Ex. A professor is also a person
A bit misleading :
Mask implies you’re trying to hide
something, but really the mask is
used to act (Ex. Greek plays) and
speak through so that you are looked
at through as this particular ROLE
Conventional attitudes indiv adopts
due to belonging to certain occupation,
social class, political party, or a nation
Some ppl have socially unacceptable
personas: Don’t want to spend time w
others w a dif persona
Some have socially acceptable personas
Have as many personas as the roles
you have
Often mistake the role for a person:
Taking persona too seriously
  Alienation from one’s internal world
  Racial, social, nation prejudice
Ex. Star wars: L pulls off V’s mask off,
see’s grotesque face that looks like it
didn’t develop properly
Didn’t develop properly because
Anakin treated the world as if his
role of V was who his really is
When by yourself: Have some role but
closer to real self
Could have a role in mind (Ex. Think
you’re an amazing musician when
relaxing at home)
Can get out of personas when relaxing
When using a persona, can be yourself to
the extent of the persona
Restrain actions to be relevant to the
situation (setting agreed restrictions)
Ex. Only show interest in psychology
when lecturing psychology
  Provides structure to social
interactions
Dissonance in persona:
When persona feels very different from
yourself
Ex. Lose your job, get divorced lose
that role nervous breakdown,
difficulty adjusting to social interactions
Can’t see self outside the role
Happens if you ONLY identify to
that SINGLE role
Situation changes Roles change
If stuck to one role then you get
in trouble
Shadow: all personal characteristics a person
tries hiding from oneself or others
Predisposition to ignore negative
information about ourselves
Similar to archetype of personal
unconscious
More an indiv hides it from themselves
more power the archetype contains
Can be unaware of the shadow, w/o
being unconscious of it
Archetype of the soul:
Anima: Ideal feminine figure in a man
Usually 1 female figure
Animus: Ideal masculine figure in a
woman
Often plurality of male figures
To recognize anima or animus:
Love at first sight w someone your
anima/animus is projected on
seem ideal
If mean to them:
Can’t hold onto projection too much,
eventually this person behaves
in ways you didn’t anticipate
Two options:
Take back the animus for
reprojection to move on and
then this all just happens again
Cycle
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