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Lecture 6

PSY230H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Unconditional Positive Regard, Humanistic Psychology, Metacognition

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Amanda Sharples

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Lecture 6
Humanistic approach
Meta is what you are reflecting on how you learn.
First page: “Surface based” learning are those 4 lists.
Second page: “strategic
Third page: “deep thinking approach” thinking more than just memorizing it.
It is important to transform what already know and the new material.
Humanistic Psychology
It is about people, holistic. And focus on the history of the person.
Real world. In day to day.
You look at the happy things.
Free will: we are able to decide changes in our live...
Value: be able to become a good person
Carl Rogers
“Person center therapy”
Emphasize of the Idea of the “self”. From high self-worth to low self-worth: positive and
Idea self: the ideal self that we ideally want to be.
The love and the care in our childhood is unconditional and conditional love.
Unconditional positive regard: Accepting the person even they made mistakes.
Conditional positive regard: if you do something wrong, they will not provide love. If you don’t
do something they don’t want you to do, they will withhold their love.
This will affect the later style of…. You may need to have someone to approve you, and then
you need other people to approve you, so you do things.
Why pycho problems?
Self-Image and Ideal self:
The problem: if those 2 selves are too fat apart. you may be experiencing depression. You need
therapy to help you to be
Incongruency: little overlap between the ideal and self-image. Eg: your parents expected you
to get married at certain age, but you don’t want to. The things you are not willing to fillful
other’s expectation will lead to anxiety.
Congruent: have much bigger overlap between the ideal and the self- image.
Later the odd self? The actual self and the odd self: lead to anxious. Not able to fill up the
expectation that other people want you to be. (your parents want you to do something like: be
a doctor).

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Fully functioning person:
Open to experience: You are open to experience. Play new ideas and think things, able to
experience and accept the positive and the negative things in the life.
Existential living: And existential living: always pay attention to now, not paying too much
attention to things that has passed.
The trust feeling: trusting your own feelings and trusting your own decision of things.
Creativity: you don’t need to think about play safe all the time. experiencing new experiences.
Fulfilled life: person is satisfied with their life and able to look for challenges in lives.
It is clear why hard for people who experience the conditional regard love as a child or person
who is currently in this incongruency to be fully functioning: because this is about accepting
your fault, and be able to take risk which is always related to a security base/ UPR.
Person centered therapy:
-The idea of the self-awareness.
-relationships between the therapy and the client. Make the client feel they are excepted.
-taking on her feeling and understanding her feeling. Empathy
-validation: repeated to make sure that is what is their problem.
-not just telling them what should do, but lead them to know how to react
Nature of person-centered therapy:
Therapies must be really genuine.
They must provide unconditional positive regard.
Taking on their mind set.
Abraham Maslow
We need to think about helping people to live their best lives.
Just not lacking something, about growing
Food/sleep, shelter, family, friendship, respect of others, confidence, employment, creativity,
Safety: shelter and employment. / health / morality
Love and belonging: family and friendship.
Physiological: food and sleep.
Esteem: confidence and respect of others
Self-actualizing: morality and creative, spontaneous, does not demonstrate bias.
Physiological needs and safety needs, love and belonging, self-actualizing.
Once you meet other needs, you can become a self-actualizing need.
Maslow’s self-actualizing person and the
You can be on the top of the self-actualized, you can still be hungry, and no relationship.
This is hard to test empirically.
Does he covered every single need that we need?
Entertainment need?
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