PSY240 Lecture Notes
January 25, 2011
Treatment of Abnormality and Research Methods
Biological Approaches should be combined with some form of psychological
Drug therapies – antipsychotic: chlorpromazine – people were able to
get released back into the community and function despite having
some psychotic symptoms. Antidepressant’s Tricyclic – a lot of
dietary restrictions, SSRI’s. Medications have different mechanisms of
action – some increase serotonin, some block receptors so serotonin
can’t bind to receptors all try to increase serotonin. Antianxiety,
mood stabilizer – lithium, people with bipolar take to even out mood
oDrug therapies are convenient, inexpensive in comparison with
Electroconvulsive therapy – passing electrical current through the
head, which triggers seizers – some biochemical changes follow. This
tends to have some positive impact on mood but unknown reasons why.
Intensity, duration, etc., have changed over the last few years. Some
possible side effects include headaches, memory distortion, etc.,
Psychosurgery – actual change made to the brain by removing a part
of the brain or adding a connection.
Repetitive Transcranial Stimulation – use powerful magnets that
stimulate targeted parts in the brain that results in long term changes
in the neurotransmission of synapses – used to be used with
depression, now learning about its effects on OCD.
What is Psychotherapy?
Any psychological approach to a treatment
Different modalities – individual goes in by themselves to a
therapist or psychiatrist, group, family, couple
oAdvantages of individual vs. group: individual has more
one on one time, targeted specifically for you, Group
therapy – connecting with people who are similar to
yourself, individual more expensive
Different Models: psychodynamic, interpersonal, behavioural,
cognitive, humanist, existential
Regardless of therapy, the therapeutic relationship is key. Even the
best treatment protocol can fail if the therapist is not very friendly.
Some good qualities in a therapeutic relationship include: