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Lecture 1 Notes.docx

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Helen Mc Neill

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Lecture 1 9/10/2013 2:13:00 PM Term paper topics will be posted within a couple weeks  Critical analysis of the topic  argumentative assignment o Select a stance and persuade reader of the stance o Evidence-based argument essays  APA format  no abstract  8-10pages for body paragraphs (excluding intro and conclusion)  unlimited # of references  depends on the topic chosen  DUE END OF CLASS NOV 19 Exams  MC Qs from the textbook readings  SA Qs from the lecture material LECTURE 1 FAIR GAME FOR SHORT ANSWER QUESTION IN EXAM Crime and Punishment behaviour to prevent impingement -rules for upon others’ dignity, to protect all the people -for people who disobey those rules (criminals), what consequences do they get?  Mental disorder/ sociopathic  Just criminals o Punishment? Or rehabilitation? o Make them return back to society “learned,” rehabilitated and not so far taken away from society so much to never return o Can they change? And when they can and cannot? Study of Development -theories  do people change over time? -evidence  cause and effect, what causes change -discussion  what outcomes are best? (i.e.: personality types) -policy  how can we produce these outcomes? Course Themes 1. humans and world is complex  thus, reduced simplicity in explaining human nature  must critically analyze “simple answers” (technique) 2. effective consumption of knowledge 3. facts affect opinion? Opinion/ interpretation affects facts? ------------------------------------------------- Babies and Genetics -share 50% of each parents’ genes  50/50 mom/dad -recessive diseases  down syndrome  cystic fibrosis  phenylketonuria  sickle cell anemia -dominant diseases  Huntington disease -alternative fertilization (to avoid disease expression in offspring)  Donor insemination  In-vitro fertilization  Surrogate parenthood o Ethical issues  “renting her body” o Altruistic? Commercial surrogacy? o Older women: greater risk for genetic abnormalities  Eugenics o Designer babies ? (unethical) Pre-Natal Environment 1. Zygote: first 2 weeks 2. Embryo: 3-12 weeks  development of vital organs, basic physiological structures 3. Fetus: 12+ weeks  most rapid part of development and growth **pre-natal stage is very important Teratogens -any environmental agents can cause pre-natal damage  prescription drugs o thalidomide: relieves morning sickness  infants lacked arms  illicit drugs o low birth weight o physical defects o death o lasting effects are not consistent  tobacco o low bitch weight o respiratory difficulties o death o secondary exposure  alcohol o Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)  Slow physical growth, facial abnormalities, brain impairment, aggressive/ violent behaviour  Most common developmental disorder -child requires proper pre-natal care, very vulnerable stage of development Early Experiences -“parent conventions”  suggested objects for newly parents because of importance of early experiences -marketing has taken advantage of this  “if you don’t buy this, you’ll hinder your child in development
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