Laws are a set of rules imposed by the government.- 3 types of law makers: parliament,
provincial parliament and counsellors. –known as legislators
• Interpreters of law: -judicial system
• In Canada police is called “peace officer”
• Laws are behaviours u must abide by- laws are objective and clear cut.
• Laws have clear consequences
• Ethics: code of morality
• Morals change and are fluid
• Ethics: behaviours we should or should not participate in
• May or may not be legal consequences.
• APA and CPA have a code of ethics. – There are consequences to breaking
• Ethical guidelines not rules
• Significant gray area in regards to ethics –because of guidelines not rules
• #1 ethical guideline: Hippocratic oath – to do no harm
• Wide reaching implications.
• Client is #1 priority. If client murders people, you ethically should not tell anyone.
If you do, you can lose ur licence as a psychologist.
• Legally you don’t have to convey knowledge of illegal activity if you have
“privilege” (legal term).
• Cutting patients loose even if the doctor feels threatened is unethical becuz it does
• Psychologists do not have to bear witness against client.
• General guideline is: “once a patient, always a patient”
• APA if u can have romantic relationship with patient 3 years after the patient has
• Privilege: attorney client privilege, spouse privilege, clergy privilege,
• Spouse privilege is unbreakable, attorney client privilege is unbreakable.
• Clients may or may not come into social conflict.
• Laws are made to prevent social conflict.
• People are liable if they understand what they did and know what they did is
• If they are not liable thy are not responsible for actions
• Courts decide sane or insane
• If person is legally insane: the person is no longer part of the legal system. They
are shipped to psychiatric ward.
• Actus Rea: wrong behaviour
• Mens Rea: wrong thoughts. A person who has to competency and intent
• 3 levels of law: constitutional law-takes precedence over other 2 levels of law. –is
relatively unchangeable –dictated by federal government. –if 2/3rds of voting
population agree that the constitution needs to be changed it is, it can be changed. Constitutional crisis: -Meech Lake Crisis, not all provinces agreed the constitution
needs to be changed. People who have mental illnesses have the same rights. –
provinces can interpret constitutional laws and put them into the statues. –
provincial governments do this. Involuntary commitment. IF a physician
recognizes immediate risk of harming others or urself, you can be detained. Is a
civic detention, not legal detention. You did not break law. If you are detained for
mental health issue, you cannot be forced into treatment. In Quebec, you must be
treated if u have mental illness. Common law:-law by precedence, commonly
developed interpretation of law. Found in British legal system. Quebec law is
founded on Napoleonic codes in France.