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Lecture 1 -Sept 8 2008

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University of Toronto St. George

PSY311: Lecture #1 sept, 8th, 2008 Notes N socialization: the process by which individuals acquire the belief, values and behaviours considerered desirable or appropriate by their culture or subculture N regulate behaviour N personal growth N perpetuates the existing order N baby biographies N a detailed record of an infants growth and development over a period of time N parsimonious N concise, uses few explanatory principles N falsifiability N capable of generating predictions which can be confirmed or disconfirmed N heuristic N builds on existing knowledge and continue to generate testable hypothesis N original sin N children are inherently selfish egoists who must be controlled by society N innate purity N infants are born with an intuitive sense of right and wrong that is often misdirected by the demands and restrictions of society N tabula rasa N 9K02L341,3L31,39L8,-O,3N8O,90,39K,9,OON34ZO0J0,-LOL9L08-0K,;L4:78,3 motives are acquired through experience N activitypassivity issue N debate among developmental theorists about whether children are active contributors to their own development or passive recipients of environmental influence N continuitydiscontinuity issue N whether developmental changes are best characterized as gradual and quantitative or abrupt and qualitative N quantitative change: change in size, ie grow taller. N qualitative change: change in form, ie. change into frog from tadpole N developmental stages N a distinct phase within a larger sequence of development; a period characterized by a particular set of abilities, motive, behaviours, or emotions that occur together and form a coherent pattern N structured interviewquestionaire N same questions asked everytime for everyone N clinical method N interview type in which the next question asked depends on the answers provided by the participants previously N structured observation N an observation method in which the investigator cues the behaviour of interest and observes participantsresponses in a laboratory N time sampling N procedure in which an investigator records the frequencies with which individuals display particular behaviours during the brief time interval that each participant is observed N ethnography
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