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Lecture 5

Feb 4 Lecture 5 Experiencing.docx

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Adam Dube

Feb 4 Lecture 5 Experiencing doing and learning in infancyI perceptionWhat can young infants perceive with their senses Important because what children are born capable to do what takes time skills that have to be buildHow does perception change with age Gradual stage like how does that change how does it progress to more adult like stageTouch It is a fundamental means of interaction between parents and babies bonds children to parentsTouch is well developed at birth More sensitive than other parts 1So is pain Infants experience more pain and longer as they cannot distract themselves from pain due to underdeveloped frontal lobeIncreases interaction with parents1Scrubbing infants cheek releases infants endorphins and they smile to you also form bondAid in investigating environment through habituation children are so sensitive They pick up an object understand and habituateInfants learn about the environment through active touch1Oral exploration dominates for the first few months once they have an object they put it into their mouths and move around to learn about the object They then took it out and look at it to make connection2Around 4 months of age infants gain greater control over their hand and arm movements and manual exploration gradually takes precedence over oral explorationTaste and smellTaste is developed at birth1Enables infants to communicate their taste preference to caregivers2Sweet sour and bitter are developed at birthFor both taste and smell a newborn babys response to the smell and taste of certain foods is similar to that of adults 1Suggests that some taste and smell preferences are innate affected by our early experiencesSome mothers consume very strong smell food during pregnancy Those infants prefer that smell whereas other defend themselves from that odor shows survival skills preventing from breathing in or potentially taking inAuditory perceptionAlthough the human auditory system is relatively well developed at birth hearing does not approach adult levels until age 5 or 6Newborns1Turn toward sounds a phenomenon referred to as auditory localization Newborns can localize sound and direct their attention to it2Prefer complex sounds 3Can differentiate between a variety of sounds They can tell the difference between syllable sorted stresses and transition between changes in rhythm and intonation eg and
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