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19:11:12 LECTURE #9

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Walid Saleh

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RLG100 WORLD RELIGIONS Arabia Contd.  Difficult to invade because it is so dry / lack of water  Mecca is a cultic/pilgrimage centre  Mecca was centred around the Kaaba (cube)  Quraysh was a tribe in Mecca that looked after it, they were fiercely respected because they were Quasi warriors  They thought their kids horseback riding and archery  Tribal society had no government etc, had “freedom”  Arabian Ode in L= poetry  Fate, Honour etc.  The tribes did not believe in the afterlife  Muhammad  Born around 570 in Mecca in the tribe Quraysh  Orphan of both parents, taken care of by his uncle  Gentile poverty  Gets employed by a wealthy widow who has her eyes on him  She sends her maid to Mohammed and asks him if he would marry her  He goes with his uncle who says “Don’t hit it on the nose”  He marries her but he is unhappy and broods in the mountains  At the age of 40 he has his first prophetic experience  His first vision was a cosmic one, he saw a being the was occupying the horizon and it pressed itself on him,  He said of this experience that he felt like he was ordered to recite  His first revelation  He rushes back to his wife, Khadija, all sweaty and unsettled  Khadija says her uncle is a holy man so they go to him, and he says, “If you’re telling me the truth, then the Nomos (law in Greek, Torah) has descended upon you.”  Muhammad becomes a gentile (non-Jew and non-Christian by that time) prophet  His early message: o Of one God o Repentance/Conversion o Chastisement  His tribe didn’t believe him when he told them they were in danger if they did not convert  He promoted RADICAL MONOTHEISM  Resurrection o Judgement Day o Hell/Heaven  Chastisement o If you don’t believe God will “smite” you, destruction etc  After 10 years only 70 people converted
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