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Christianity - Early History This note explains, through historical-critical approach, how christianity was developed over time after the creation of the church structure.

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University of Toronto St. George
Andre Maintenay

RLG100Y1 LECTURE 7 THOCTOBER 28 2010 CHRISTIANITYEARLY HISTORY Early Structure of ChristianityDeacon an organizer you first become a deacon before becoming a priest lowest statusPriest Worker of god the only one allowed to say the prayer medium statusBishop Supervising bishop senior priest highest status Major Sees JurisdictionsAlexandria EgyptJerusalemAntioch SyriaRomeConstantinople TH4 CenturyMajor turning point in Christian History313 CERoman emperor Constantine allows free practice of Christianity o A quality of Romans was that they were all business if something would work they would go with it o Hence the Emperor himself converted to Christianity o Eventually converts to Christianity for Political reasons381 CERoman Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity state religion o There were Christians all over the empire by this time due to the free practice of Religion o Done to increase stability in the empire by unifying it o Allows the church structure to flourish Major Forms of ChristianityRoman empire is divided into half the east side and the west side o Each side has different cultures o This influence Christians and their views on each sideEastern empire survived while the western was overtaken by barbariansThe eastern empire came to be known as Byzantine EmpireThe split of Roman empire led to two major forms of Christianity o WestRoman Catholicism o EastEastern Orthodox WESTRoman Catholicism EASTEastern OrthodoxLatinGreekBased in RomeBased in ConstantinopleAcceptance of Filoque doctrineRejection of Filoque doctrineFew iconsMore iconsFocus on crucifixion sinredemptionFocus on mysticism ResurrectionBishop of Rome considered the primary Bishop Bishop of Rome not considered Primary but rather Came to be known as the pope all Bishops are equalCame to be known as the patriarchs not the same as the patriarchal linage of Noah etc
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