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Lecture

Early Caliphate, Sectarian Divisions, Islamic law, Cultural Spheres

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Department
Religion
Course
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay
Semester
Fall

Description
Early Caliphate, Sectarian Divisions, Islamic law, Cultural Spheres Reading: Ch. 4 The Islamic Tradition, pp. 217-257 th November 17 , 2010. Death of Muhammad (founder of Islam) 632 CE Who will succeed Muhammad: Some believed should be member of own family, recounted he had proposed his son-in-law Ali as his successor Others believed Ali was too young at the time and leadership was passed to Muhammads good friend Abu Bakr Abu Bakr begins institution of caliphate first caliph (leader) of Muslim tradition Secular authority, primarily, political and administrative head of community Had very short period of leadership (2 years) before he died Was able to contain community and expanded within Arabian Peninsula Was succeeded by Omar Omar lead community for 10 years Made great many vital military and political decisions Regarded as military genius Expanded influence of Islam militarily, socially in quite significant ways: took Persian Empire through strategizing and during his rei
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