Lecture on Jainism-Jan 17

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5 Aug 2010
School
Department
Course
January 17th
Jainism
± ahimsa (non-violence) ± ³JHQWOHQHVVKDUPOHVVQHVV´± foundation of Jain ethics
- assumes the backdrop of the Indic worldview
- FRQWH[WRIWKHµVUDPDQD¶± movement of dissent ± establishment of Vedic tradition ±
characteristics ± existence of homeless wondering; leaving home to find answer; source
of foundation to the Indic tradition
o major features
seeking spiritual answers
higher
extreme asceticism (related to body) ± exposing body to all kinds of
riggers and harsh environments in order to receive spiritual answers
Ascetic :
Western: the body is an impure thing that needs to be disciplined and
controlled
Indic: idea of strengthening the body and achieving control and mastery
over it ± if one can rid of the concerns of that body one is free to study
religion
*ascetic NOT aesthetic
- setting of 24 teachers ± different points in history (TIRTHANKARA ± ³EULGJH-builde´r ±
connecting this world to moksa) /JINA ± ³FRQTXHURU´FRQTXHUHGWKHEDVHLQVWLQFWRIWKH
body) ± 23 already ± waiting on the 24th
- wave
- on the downside, teachers emerge to reduce the negativity
VARDHAMAN KASYAPA ³MANHAVIRA WKHJUHDWKHUR´
- hero in spirit/morals
- extraordinary compassion and love toward all beings
- founder of the Jain tradition historically
- no biography but a HAGIOGRAPHY
- exceptional individual (599 ± 527 BCE)
o Parents belonged to warrior class ± royalty class ± mother got pregnant ± he was
FRQFHUQHGZLWKKLVPRWKHVSDLQHYHQDVDIHWXV± coming from different sects of
Jainism; different versions
Mahavira ± grows up, gets married,
- never marries but wait until his parents have passed away roughly when
he was 30 ± takes vocation that he is really drawn to ± becomes a monk ±
GRHVQ¶WFDXVHSDUHQWVGLVWUHVV
wonder as an ascetic ± mark entry into the ascetic lifestyle ± pulls out hair
± wears ascetic clothing
age of 42 ± enlightenment ± wonders naked ± propagating the idea of
Jainism
death at the age of 72
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Document Summary

ahimsa (non-violence) 03903088,720883088 foundation of jain ethics assumes the backdrop of the indic worldview. 43909419087,2,3, movement of dissent establishment of vedic tradition characteristics existence of homeless wondering; leaving home to find answer; source of foundation to the indic tradition: major features. S extreme asceticism (related to body) exposing body to all kinds of riggers and harsh environments in order to receive spiritual answers. S western: the body is an impure thing that needs to be disciplined and. Indic: idea of strengthening the body and achieving control and mastery over it if one can rid of the concerns of that body one is free to study religion. *ascetic not aesthetic: parents belonged to warrior class royalty class mother got pregnant he was. Never marries but wait until his parents have passed away roughly when he was 30 takes vocation that he is really drawn to becomes a monk .

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