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Lecture

Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period
Reading: Ch. 2 “The Jewish Tradition,” pp. 101-128
October 13
th
, 2010.
Leaders concerned with laying out paradigm since Jews did not have central
location for practicelead by rabbis who passed traditions through schools
Several concrete achievements coming out of writing down verbal traditions:
-Set of texts: Mishnah: extending from Moses, composed in Hebrew and
covers all various dimensions of Jewish life both religious and secular, divided
into 6 sections concerned with all elements of Jewish life (festivals, fasts,
prayers, right of poor, family law (marr iage & divorce)), body of law drawn
from oral tradition complied by rabbis in early periods after fall of 2
nd
temple
-Midrash: commentary on Hebrew Bible
-Gemara: commentary on Mishnah
-Talmud: composed in Aramaic, Babylonian version and, contains2 genres of
literature, Halakha (legal element of literature), Hagadah (literary strain
elaborating on laws through stories, anecdotes)
Middle Ages
Jewish situation affected by Chr istianity and Islam
Most of last 2000 years Chr istianity hostile, Islam friendly 1300 years towards
Jewish traditions
Christianity picture Judaism a the cause of death of Jesus rather than Romans;
built in hostility
Jewish community never accepted claim Jesus was messiah and henceforth resist
Chr istian teach for bulk of history last 2000 years
Christian community alienate Jews early on by doing away with a lot of Jewish
custom/traditions basic to Jewish identity, e.g. circumcision, observance of purity
laws (Kos her)
Jewish Diaspora spread into most parts of world,
After 9
th
century, southern Europe, Africa controlled by Muslims who spoke
respectively of Jewish traditions
Jewish cour t f lourished under Islam (Spain, Mediterr anean)
Major Jewish philosophers: Moses Maimonides, Saadia Ben Joseph
The Crusades
Christianity going through nationalistic period
Muslim taken over holy land
Set in practice trend to integrate Jews into mainstream population
Launched end of 11
th
century
Butchery of Jews initiating in Germany
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Description
Rituals and Practice, the Modern Period Reading: Ch. 2 The Jewish Tradition, pp. 101-128 October 13 , 2010. Leaders concerned with laying out paradigm since Jews did not have central location for practicelead by rabbis who passed traditions through schools Several concrete achievements coming out of writing down verbal traditions: - Set of texts: Mishnah: extending from Moses, composed in Hebrew and covers all various dimensions of Jewish life both religious and secular, divided into 6 sections concerned with all elements of Jewish life (festivals, fasts, prayers, right of poor, family law (marriage & divorce)), body of law drawn nd from oral tradition complied by rabbis in early periods after fall of 2 temple - Midrash: commentary on Hebrew Bible - Gemara: commentary on Mishnah - Talmud: composed in Aramaic, Babylonian version and, contains2 genres of literature, Halakha (legal element of literature), Hagadah (literary strain elaborating on laws through stories, ane
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