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Lecture 3

SOC201H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Social Alienation, The German Ideology, Commodification


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC201H1
Professor
J.Veugelers
Lecture
3

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Consider the following:
Alienation has individual and social dimensions.
Individual alienation denotes estrangement from the self in its creative potentialities.
Social alienation denotes estrangement from other people
The two are not necessary linked:
oIndividual creativity can co-exist with social alienation (example: cultural
production in big cities such as New York, London, Los Angeles)
Hence Marx is wrong to assume that the end of alienation requires the end of capitalism
Kael Marx (1818-1883)
Difficulties around interpretation
Controversial (Marxian vs. Marxist)
Prolific
Multifaceted
Emphasis shifts
Language
oUse the language of paradox lack of
oThe meaning of the reading is not straight forward
Sermon On the Mount (Matthew,5)
Definition of Paradox
Max’s views of community
What community is not:
oVillage life
oFamily
What community is:
oWorking-class solidarity (which means that proletarians if necessary are willing
to set aside their partial interests for the sake of the common, long-term
interests of the entire working class)
oA form of society towards which the socialist movement is struggling
(characterized by the absence of private property – thus any class divisions – and
alienation)
oAbsence of the state: society governs itself.
Class-in-itself
Class-for-itself
Karl Marx
The German ideology (1845-46)
The premise of historical materialism
o
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