SOC265H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Hidden Curriculum, Carol Tavris, Meta-Analysis

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30 Mar 2013
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SOC246
Lecture 3
Jan. 24, 2013
- Gender differences in individuals: are women and men ‘opposite sexes’?
o A. Conceptualizing gender as individual difference: gender as a
(stable) set of characteristics of the individual caused by socialization.
Karin Martin: Teachers’ different treatment of preschool boys’ and
girls’ behavior shapes how they use their bodies- and it influences
their behavior (i.e. it socializes them)- also, parents’ involvement:
dresses on the girls influence behavior, because they wore dresses the
teachers then have to watch them more carefully because the dresses
are more susceptible to wardrobe malfunction and thus they are
pushed to be more constrained in how they use their bodies. Also the
teachers are more likely to reprimand the girls if they misact with the
teacher is teaching- the girls are expected to be more quiet and
subdued more than the boys are, and the girls obey more than the
boys do- girls are told to talk more quietly. Boys are incentivized to
misbehave because when they are unruly and loud they will receive
the attention they’re seeking but usually without the punishment
because “boys will be boys”. The point is that boys are girls are being
taught to use their bodies according with the hidden curriculum, girls
being restrained more than boys. Gender is not only about behavior,
but it’s about identity. Gender is also an idea- the idea of difference,
gender discourse
o ***“What do we mean by gendered body?” TEST QUESTION***
o B. Other meanings of gender
(1) Gender as the idea of difference- Barrie Thorne, Gender
play: elementary school children playing with the idea of “the
girls” vs. “the boys”, realized that she was only looking at the
boys who were acting like boys and the girls who were acting
like girls. So she started to look at the boys and girls who were
not acting like the other kids of their gender. Judith Lorber,
“Believing is Seeing”: sports and the construction of
girls/women as feminine, petite and graceful, boys/men as
strong, muscular and fast. Gender identity is being developed
through sports
Gender is salient at some times and not at others- it’s not
always boys and girls being vs. each other, sometimes the boys
and girls are just the students and the teacher is the “other”
that they’re against.
(2) Gender as behavior induced by the context
Baby showers and getting ready for prom- contexts that
bring out the girliness in you.
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Document Summary

Gender differences in individuals: are women and men opposite sexes": a. conceptualizing gender as individual difference: gender as a (stable) set of characteristics of the individual caused by socialization. Boys are incentivized to misbehave because when they are unruly and loud they will receive the attention they"re seeking but usually without the punishment because boys will be boys . The point is that boys are girls are being taught to use their bodies according with the hidden curriculum, girls being restrained more than boys. Gender is not only about behavior, but it"s about identity. Gender is also an idea- the idea of difference, gender discourse: *** what do we mean by gendered body? test question**, b. So she started to look at the boys and girls who were not acting like the other kids of their gender. Believing is seeing : sports and the construction of girls/women as feminine, petite and graceful, boys/men as strong, muscular and fast.

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