SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Structural Marxism, Social Inequality, Methodological Individualism

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12 Jan 2013
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Parsons- first major theorist to synthesize thinking of early sociologists, trying to combine early sociologists in conceptual framework - analytical framework (crafted by taking into account the problem of how to combine actors and observers perspective) a. Actors crucial for social reality understanding and taking into account that we as actors conceive of ourselves as acting, not just following given rules or determined by outside structures, acting in voluntaristic way. Parsons view of this was to grasp this experience of actors, conceptual trying to connect actor and observer view. Parsons view of institutions has to be conceptualized in a way that takes into account the actors point of view. Institutions appear as system of norms, rules that have function of easing decision between different ends in the complex scheme of means and ends in which the actor is confronted. Bourdieu and giddens encounter different attempt to combine these various approaches to social reality.

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