SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Racialization

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Political Economy
The root cause of tension between different racial and ethnic groups is the
structure of the labour market and the struggle for material resources in a
capitalistic economy
Focuses on class analysis- how class interests and class conflicts explain group
relations
Employers exploit the situations to pit subgroups of workers against each other,
both to lower average wages and to deflect resentment against the slumps in the
labour market.
Need immigration to keep the economy with a declining population
BUT with globalization Canada can no longer afford to have raciest attitudes
because having a diverse nation will help with international trade
Most immigrants today are actually highly educated but when the come here
their credentials are devalued
PE predicts that the prevailing cultural values of a society, enforced by the
economy and elite, will be those that support the economically privileged class
Screen out minority applicants some times will be accused of getting the job
because of affirmative action but these attitudes are not necessarily socialized
views they come from class relations of capitalism
Social Constructionist
Focuses attention on process of ethnicization and racialization- the process
through which people come to identify themselves and others with ethnic/
racial labels
Fixed and enforced in socialization’
ETHNIC LEADERS represents community in national politics, and despite
internal conflicts they need to project a sense of unity to non-members to
make the impression of a community
ETHNIC COMMUNITIES categorization of people alone lines of race and
ethnicity, presuming to tie people together. (ethnic immigrants=
communities, while mainstream immigrants [England]= associations).most
likely only formed when people experience rejection from the majority, so
not a natural occurrence
Feminist
Focus exclusively on middle class white western women, and how these
people contribute to oppression of racial women
Historically women were classed into 2 categories by immigration societies
run by the white middle class; virginal daughters= respectable wives/
mothers/property of men OR whores who could service white male appetites
outside of marriage (labeled prostitutes)
Any matriarchal systems were broken up in British colonies
Failure to conform usually impacted their husbands so felt force to conform
to make it easier for their husbands transition
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Document Summary

The root cause of tension between different racial and ethnic groups is the structure of the labour market and the struggle for material resources in a capitalistic economy. Focuses on class analysis- how class interests and class conflicts explain group relations. Employers exploit the situations to pit subgroups of workers against each other, both to lower average wages and to deflect resentment against the slumps in the labour market. Need immigration to keep the economy with a declining population. But with globalization canada can no longer afford to have raciest attitudes because having a diverse nation will help with international trade. Most immigrants today are actually highly educated but when the come here their credentials are devalued. Pe predicts that the prevailing cultural values of a society, enforced by the economy and elite, will be those that support the economically privileged class.

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